Chitosan and alginate types of bio-membrane in fuel cell application: An overview

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract The major problems of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell technology that need to be highlighted are fuel crossovers (e.g., methanol or hydrogen leaking across fuel cell membranes), CO poisoning, low durability, and high cost. Chitosan and alginate-based biopolymer membranes have recently been used to solve these problems with promising results. Current research in biopolymer membrane materials and systems has focused on the following: 1) the development of novel and efficient biopolymer materials; and 2) increasing the processing capacity of membrane operations. Consequently, chitosan and alginate-based biopolymers seek to enhance fuel cell performance by improving proton conductivity, membrane durability, and reducing fuel crossover and electro-osmotic drag. There are four groups of chitosan-based membranes (categorized according to their reaction and preparation): self-cross-linked and salt-complexed chitosans, chitosan-based polymer blends, chitosan/inorganic filler composites, and chitosan/polymer composites. There are only three alginate-based membranes that have been synthesized for fuel cell application. This work aims to review the state-of-the-art in the growth of chitosan and alginate-based biopolymer membranes for fuel cell applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21003
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume289
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

Fingerprint

Alginate
Chitosan
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Biopolymers
biopolymers
membranes
Membranes
durability
crossovers
Durability
composite materials
Proton conductivity
alginic acid
poisoning
polymer blends
Composite materials
polymers
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Polymer blends

Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Bio-membrane
  • Chitosan
  • Fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Chitosan and alginate types of bio-membrane in fuel cell application : An overview. / Shaari, N.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 289, 21003, 01.09.2015, p. 71-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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