Child feeding practices, food habits, anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance among preschoolers in Peninsular Malaysia

Mohd Taib Mohd Nasir, Norimah A. Karim, Abu Saad Hazizi, Abdul Razak Nurliyana, Siow Hon Loh, Ibrahim Suraya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the relationship between child feeding practices, food habits, and anthropometric indicators with cognitive performance of preschoolers aged 4-6. years in Peninsular Malaysia (n= 1933). Parents were interviewed on socio-demographic background, nutrition knowledge, child feeding practices and food habits. Height and weight of the preschoolers were measured; BMI-for-age, weight-for-age and height-for-age were determined. Cognitive performance was assessed using Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices. The mean monthly household income was RM3610 and 59.6% of parents attained secondary education. Thirty-three percent of parents had good knowledge on nutrition, 39% satisfactory and 28% poor. For child feeding practices, perceived responsibility had the highest mean score (M= 3.99, SD = 0.72), while perceived child weight had the lowest (M= 2.94, SD = 0.38). The prevalence of possible risk of overweight, being overweight, and obesity were 3.9%, 7.9% and 8.1%, respectively, whereas the prevalence of underweight and stunting were 8.0% and 8.4%, respectively. Breakfast was the second most frequently skipped meal (16.8%) after dinner (18.1%). The mean cognitive score was 103.5 (SD = 14.4). Height-for-age and consumption of dinner were found to contribute significantly towards cognitive performance after controlling for socio-demographic background and parent's nutrition knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalAppetite
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Feeding Behavior
Parents
Meals
Weights and Measures
Demography
Growth Disorders
Crows
Breakfast
Thinness
Obesity
Education

Keywords

  • Anthropometric indicators
  • Child feeding practices
  • Children
  • Cognitive performance
  • Food habits
  • Nutrition knowledge
  • Obesity
  • Preschoolers
  • Undernutrition
  • Underweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Child feeding practices, food habits, anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance among preschoolers in Peninsular Malaysia. / Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; A. Karim, Norimah; Hazizi, Abu Saad; Nurliyana, Abdul Razak; Loh, Siow Hon; Suraya, Ibrahim.

In: Appetite, Vol. 58, No. 2, 04.2012, p. 525-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib ; A. Karim, Norimah ; Hazizi, Abu Saad ; Nurliyana, Abdul Razak ; Loh, Siow Hon ; Suraya, Ibrahim. / Child feeding practices, food habits, anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance among preschoolers in Peninsular Malaysia. In: Appetite. 2012 ; Vol. 58, No. 2. pp. 525-530.
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