Chemical modification on lignocellulosic polymeric oil palm empty fruit bunch for advanced material

Sarani Zakaria, Hazira Hamzah, Julie Andrianny Murshidi, Mohamad Deraman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil palm fiber empty fruit bunch (EFB) was chemically treated with benzyl chloride (bz-efb) and ethylene oxide (E-efb) at different reaction temperatures (100 and 110°C for bz-efb; 55, 85, and 92°C for E-efb). The SEM micrographs of bz-efb and E-efb samples showed tremendous changes in morphological structure such as plastic properties as the reaction temperature was increased. The crystallinity (by XRD) and Tg of the reacted fibers were found to decrease as the reaction temperature increased. The FT-IR of the reacted samples show that the chemical reactions have taken place between cellulose hydroxyl groups and bz-efb and E-efb, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-295
Number of pages7
JournalAdvances in Polymer Technology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Chemical modification
Fruits
Ethylene Oxide
Fibers
Cellulose
Hydroxyl Radical
Temperature
Chemical reactions
Ethylene
Plastics
Scanning electron microscopy
Oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Chemical modification on lignocellulosic polymeric oil palm empty fruit bunch for advanced material. / Zakaria, Sarani; Hamzah, Hazira; Murshidi, Julie Andrianny; Deraman, Mohamad.

In: Advances in Polymer Technology, Vol. 20, No. 4, 12.2001, p. 289-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zakaria, Sarani ; Hamzah, Hazira ; Murshidi, Julie Andrianny ; Deraman, Mohamad. / Chemical modification on lignocellulosic polymeric oil palm empty fruit bunch for advanced material. In: Advances in Polymer Technology. 2001 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 289-295.
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