Chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Curcuma species from Malaysia

Ibrahim Jantan, Abu Said Ahmad, Nor Azah Mohd Ali, Abdul Rashih Ahmad, Halijah Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Malaysian Curcuma species (Curcuma mangga, C. xanthorrhiza, C. aeruginosa and C. domestica) was determined by co-chromatography with authentic samples on two columns of different polarity, GC/MS and linear retention indices. Myrcene (81.4%) was the most abundant component in the oil of C. mangga. The oil of C. xanthorrhiza was made up mainly of sesquiterpenoids of which xanthorrhizol (44.5%) was the major constituent. 1,8-Cineole (23.2%) and curzerenone (28.4%) were the predominant constituents of the oil of C. aeniginosa. The oil of C. domestica contained significant amounts of α-tumerone (45.3%), linalool (14.9%) and β-tumerone (13.5%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-723
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Curcuma
Rhizome
Malaysia
rhizomes
Oils
chemical composition
Curcuma mangga
oils
Chemical analysis
Curcuma aeruginosa
Curcuma zanthorrhiza
Curcuma longa
myrcene
cineole
linalool
Chromatography
sesquiterpenoids
chromatography
turmeric extract

Keywords

  • α-Tumerone
  • β-Tumerone
  • 1,8-cineole
  • Curcuma aeniginosa
  • Curcuma domestica
  • Curcuma mangga
  • Curcuma xanthorrhiza
  • Curzerenone
  • Essential oil composition
  • Linalool
  • Myrcene
  • Xanthorrhizol
  • Zingiberaceae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Jantan, I., Ahmad, A. S., Ali, N. A. M., Ahmad, A. R., & Ibrahim, H. (1999). Chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Curcuma species from Malaysia. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 11(6), 719-723.

Chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Curcuma species from Malaysia. / Jantan, Ibrahim; Ahmad, Abu Said; Ali, Nor Azah Mohd; Ahmad, Abdul Rashih; Ibrahim, Halijah.

In: Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 11, No. 6, 1999, p. 719-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jantan, I, Ahmad, AS, Ali, NAM, Ahmad, AR & Ibrahim, H 1999, 'Chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Curcuma species from Malaysia', Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 719-723.
Jantan, Ibrahim ; Ahmad, Abu Said ; Ali, Nor Azah Mohd ; Ahmad, Abdul Rashih ; Ibrahim, Halijah. / Chemical composition of the rhizome oils of four Curcuma species from Malaysia. In: Journal of Essential Oil Research. 1999 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 719-723.
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