Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia

Ibrahim Jantan, Abu Said Ahmad, Abdul Rashih Ahmad, Nor Azah Mohd Ali, Norsiha Ayop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical composition of the peel and leaf oils of four Malaysian Citrus species (C. hystrix D.C., C. aurantifolía Swingle, C. maxima Merr. and C. microcarpa Bunge) was examined by co-chromatography, two columns of different polarity, GC/MS and linear retention indices. β-Pinene and limonene were the major constituents of the peel oils of C. hystrix (39.3% and 14.2%) and C. aurantifolia (28.4% and 39.3%). The peel oils of C. maxima and C. microcarpa were found to be rich in limonene (>94%). Citronellal at 72.4% was the most abundant compound in the leaf oil of C. hystrix. The major components of the leaf oil of C. aurantifolia were geranial (19.4%), limonene (16.4%) and neral (11.4%). Sesquiterpenes were present at 70.8% in the leaf oil of C. microcarpa where hedycaryol (19.0%), β-sesquiphellandrene (18.3%) and α-eudesmol (14.4%) were the major constituents. The leaf oil of C. maxima contained significant amounts of phytol (23.1%) and β-caryophyllene (15.4%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-632
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume8
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

leaf oils
Citrus
Malaysia
Oils
chemical composition
citral
Porcupines
Chemical analysis
Citrus hystrix
Citrus madurensis
citronellal
Citrus maxima
neral
geranial
oils
Phytol
sesquiterpenoids
chromatography
Sesquiterpenes
Chromatography

Keywords

  • β-caryophyllene
  • β-pinene
  • β-sesquiphellandrene
  • (e)-β-farnesene
  • Citronellal
  • Citrus aurantifolia
  • Citrus hystrix
  • Citrus limon
  • Citrus maxima
  • Citrus microcarpa
  • Essential oil composition
  • Geranial
  • Hedycaryol
  • Limonene
  • Neral
  • Rutaceae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Jantan, I., Ahmad, A. S., Ahmad, A. R., Azah Mohd Ali, N., & Ayop, N. (1996). Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 8(6), 627-632.

Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia. / Jantan, Ibrahim; Ahmad, Abu Said; Ahmad, Abdul Rashih; Azah Mohd Ali, Nor; Ayop, Norsiha.

In: Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 8, No. 6, 11.1996, p. 627-632.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jantan, I, Ahmad, AS, Ahmad, AR, Azah Mohd Ali, N & Ayop, N 1996, 'Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia', Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 627-632.
Jantan I, Ahmad AS, Ahmad AR, Azah Mohd Ali N, Ayop N. Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 1996 Nov;8(6):627-632.
Jantan, Ibrahim ; Ahmad, Abu Said ; Ahmad, Abdul Rashih ; Azah Mohd Ali, Nor ; Ayop, Norsiha. / Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia. In: Journal of Essential Oil Research. 1996 ; Vol. 8, No. 6. pp. 627-632.
@article{292cbc95681347a98a6c31dbf999a614,
title = "Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia",
abstract = "The chemical composition of the peel and leaf oils of four Malaysian Citrus species (C. hystrix D.C., C. aurantifol{\'i}a Swingle, C. maxima Merr. and C. microcarpa Bunge) was examined by co-chromatography, two columns of different polarity, GC/MS and linear retention indices. β-Pinene and limonene were the major constituents of the peel oils of C. hystrix (39.3{\%} and 14.2{\%}) and C. aurantifolia (28.4{\%} and 39.3{\%}). The peel oils of C. maxima and C. microcarpa were found to be rich in limonene (>94{\%}). Citronellal at 72.4{\%} was the most abundant compound in the leaf oil of C. hystrix. The major components of the leaf oil of C. aurantifolia were geranial (19.4{\%}), limonene (16.4{\%}) and neral (11.4{\%}). Sesquiterpenes were present at 70.8{\%} in the leaf oil of C. microcarpa where hedycaryol (19.0{\%}), β-sesquiphellandrene (18.3{\%}) and α-eudesmol (14.4{\%}) were the major constituents. The leaf oil of C. maxima contained significant amounts of phytol (23.1{\%}) and β-caryophyllene (15.4{\%}).",
keywords = "β-caryophyllene, β-pinene, β-sesquiphellandrene, (e)-β-farnesene, Citronellal, Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus hystrix, Citrus limon, Citrus maxima, Citrus microcarpa, Essential oil composition, Geranial, Hedycaryol, Limonene, Neral, Rutaceae",
author = "Ibrahim Jantan and Ahmad, {Abu Said} and Ahmad, {Abdul Rashih} and {Azah Mohd Ali}, Nor and Norsiha Ayop",
year = "1996",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "627--632",
journal = "Journal of Essential Oil Research",
issn = "1041-2905",
publisher = "Allured Business Media",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia

AU - Jantan, Ibrahim

AU - Ahmad, Abu Said

AU - Ahmad, Abdul Rashih

AU - Azah Mohd Ali, Nor

AU - Ayop, Norsiha

PY - 1996/11

Y1 - 1996/11

N2 - The chemical composition of the peel and leaf oils of four Malaysian Citrus species (C. hystrix D.C., C. aurantifolía Swingle, C. maxima Merr. and C. microcarpa Bunge) was examined by co-chromatography, two columns of different polarity, GC/MS and linear retention indices. β-Pinene and limonene were the major constituents of the peel oils of C. hystrix (39.3% and 14.2%) and C. aurantifolia (28.4% and 39.3%). The peel oils of C. maxima and C. microcarpa were found to be rich in limonene (>94%). Citronellal at 72.4% was the most abundant compound in the leaf oil of C. hystrix. The major components of the leaf oil of C. aurantifolia were geranial (19.4%), limonene (16.4%) and neral (11.4%). Sesquiterpenes were present at 70.8% in the leaf oil of C. microcarpa where hedycaryol (19.0%), β-sesquiphellandrene (18.3%) and α-eudesmol (14.4%) were the major constituents. The leaf oil of C. maxima contained significant amounts of phytol (23.1%) and β-caryophyllene (15.4%).

AB - The chemical composition of the peel and leaf oils of four Malaysian Citrus species (C. hystrix D.C., C. aurantifolía Swingle, C. maxima Merr. and C. microcarpa Bunge) was examined by co-chromatography, two columns of different polarity, GC/MS and linear retention indices. β-Pinene and limonene were the major constituents of the peel oils of C. hystrix (39.3% and 14.2%) and C. aurantifolia (28.4% and 39.3%). The peel oils of C. maxima and C. microcarpa were found to be rich in limonene (>94%). Citronellal at 72.4% was the most abundant compound in the leaf oil of C. hystrix. The major components of the leaf oil of C. aurantifolia were geranial (19.4%), limonene (16.4%) and neral (11.4%). Sesquiterpenes were present at 70.8% in the leaf oil of C. microcarpa where hedycaryol (19.0%), β-sesquiphellandrene (18.3%) and α-eudesmol (14.4%) were the major constituents. The leaf oil of C. maxima contained significant amounts of phytol (23.1%) and β-caryophyllene (15.4%).

KW - β-caryophyllene

KW - β-pinene

KW - β-sesquiphellandrene

KW - (e)-β-farnesene

KW - Citronellal

KW - Citrus aurantifolia

KW - Citrus hystrix

KW - Citrus limon

KW - Citrus maxima

KW - Citrus microcarpa

KW - Essential oil composition

KW - Geranial

KW - Hedycaryol

KW - Limonene

KW - Neral

KW - Rutaceae

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030289217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030289217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 627

EP - 632

JO - Journal of Essential Oil Research

JF - Journal of Essential Oil Research

SN - 1041-2905

IS - 6

ER -