Chemical composition of a mud volcano LUSI and the health risk involved based on the air quality index that occurred as a result of disastrous gas exploration drilling activities in Sidoarjo, Indonesia

Dewi Hidayati, Ismail Sahid, M. Shuhaimi-Othman, Norela Sulaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

LUSI (Lumpur"mud"-Sidoarjo) is the mud volcanic which was initiated by the failed gas drilling exploration activities carried out near an urban area. The evaluation of the LUSI mud volcanic emission and its dried mud effects on air pollution and human health was carried out from 2011 to 2012. The concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), hazardous gases (H2S, SO2, NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC): Including total hydrocarbons (THC)), toluene (C6H5CH3) and benzene (C6H6) as well as heavy metals (Pb, Cr and Cd) were measured following standard methods. The results showed that the average concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 24.0-399.9 μg/m3, H2S: 1.53-2.92 ppm; SO2: 0.021-1.321 ppm and NO2: 0.007-0.076 ppm. The VOC included total hydrocarbons from 0.57-0.96 ppm, toluene 0.33-0.92 ppm and benzene 0.33-0.40 ppm. Furthermore, heavy metal concentrations were as follows: Pb 2.6-37.34 μg/m3; Cr 0.14-12.8 μg/m3 and Cd 0.78-4.16 μg/m3. LUSI contributed to increased air pollution primarily through H2S, SO2 and PM2.5. The Air Quality Index (AQI) of PM2.5 (164-217) and SO2 (235-291) showed that the air quality at the disaster area was 'very unhealthy'. Backward trajectories indicated that the wind direction may have had an impact on the air pollution load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1665-1674
Number of pages10
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

mud volcano
health risk
air quality
mud
chemical composition
drilling
gas
atmospheric pollution
toluene
benzene
volatile organic compound
heavy metal
hydrocarbon
wind direction
index
particulate matter
disaster
urban area
trajectory

Keywords

  • Air quality index
  • Heavy metals
  • VOC
  • Volcano

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

@article{42994531cc744180a4ba0b4e6c0e6a2c,
title = "Chemical composition of a mud volcano LUSI and the health risk involved based on the air quality index that occurred as a result of disastrous gas exploration drilling activities in Sidoarjo, Indonesia",
abstract = "LUSI (Lumpur{"}mud{"}-Sidoarjo) is the mud volcanic which was initiated by the failed gas drilling exploration activities carried out near an urban area. The evaluation of the LUSI mud volcanic emission and its dried mud effects on air pollution and human health was carried out from 2011 to 2012. The concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), hazardous gases (H2S, SO2, NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC): Including total hydrocarbons (THC)), toluene (C6H5CH3) and benzene (C6H6) as well as heavy metals (Pb, Cr and Cd) were measured following standard methods. The results showed that the average concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 24.0-399.9 μg/m3, H2S: 1.53-2.92 ppm; SO2: 0.021-1.321 ppm and NO2: 0.007-0.076 ppm. The VOC included total hydrocarbons from 0.57-0.96 ppm, toluene 0.33-0.92 ppm and benzene 0.33-0.40 ppm. Furthermore, heavy metal concentrations were as follows: Pb 2.6-37.34 μg/m3; Cr 0.14-12.8 μg/m3 and Cd 0.78-4.16 μg/m3. LUSI contributed to increased air pollution primarily through H2S, SO2 and PM2.5. The Air Quality Index (AQI) of PM2.5 (164-217) and SO2 (235-291) showed that the air quality at the disaster area was 'very unhealthy'. Backward trajectories indicated that the wind direction may have had an impact on the air pollution load.",
keywords = "Air quality index, Heavy metals, VOC, Volcano",
author = "Dewi Hidayati and Ismail Sahid and M. Shuhaimi-Othman and Norela Sulaiman",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17576/jsm-2018-4708-05",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "1665--1674",
journal = "Sains Malaysiana",
issn = "0126-6039",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical composition of a mud volcano LUSI and the health risk involved based on the air quality index that occurred as a result of disastrous gas exploration drilling activities in Sidoarjo, Indonesia

AU - Hidayati, Dewi

AU - Sahid, Ismail

AU - Shuhaimi-Othman, M.

AU - Sulaiman, Norela

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - LUSI (Lumpur"mud"-Sidoarjo) is the mud volcanic which was initiated by the failed gas drilling exploration activities carried out near an urban area. The evaluation of the LUSI mud volcanic emission and its dried mud effects on air pollution and human health was carried out from 2011 to 2012. The concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), hazardous gases (H2S, SO2, NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC): Including total hydrocarbons (THC)), toluene (C6H5CH3) and benzene (C6H6) as well as heavy metals (Pb, Cr and Cd) were measured following standard methods. The results showed that the average concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 24.0-399.9 μg/m3, H2S: 1.53-2.92 ppm; SO2: 0.021-1.321 ppm and NO2: 0.007-0.076 ppm. The VOC included total hydrocarbons from 0.57-0.96 ppm, toluene 0.33-0.92 ppm and benzene 0.33-0.40 ppm. Furthermore, heavy metal concentrations were as follows: Pb 2.6-37.34 μg/m3; Cr 0.14-12.8 μg/m3 and Cd 0.78-4.16 μg/m3. LUSI contributed to increased air pollution primarily through H2S, SO2 and PM2.5. The Air Quality Index (AQI) of PM2.5 (164-217) and SO2 (235-291) showed that the air quality at the disaster area was 'very unhealthy'. Backward trajectories indicated that the wind direction may have had an impact on the air pollution load.

AB - LUSI (Lumpur"mud"-Sidoarjo) is the mud volcanic which was initiated by the failed gas drilling exploration activities carried out near an urban area. The evaluation of the LUSI mud volcanic emission and its dried mud effects on air pollution and human health was carried out from 2011 to 2012. The concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), hazardous gases (H2S, SO2, NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC): Including total hydrocarbons (THC)), toluene (C6H5CH3) and benzene (C6H6) as well as heavy metals (Pb, Cr and Cd) were measured following standard methods. The results showed that the average concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 24.0-399.9 μg/m3, H2S: 1.53-2.92 ppm; SO2: 0.021-1.321 ppm and NO2: 0.007-0.076 ppm. The VOC included total hydrocarbons from 0.57-0.96 ppm, toluene 0.33-0.92 ppm and benzene 0.33-0.40 ppm. Furthermore, heavy metal concentrations were as follows: Pb 2.6-37.34 μg/m3; Cr 0.14-12.8 μg/m3 and Cd 0.78-4.16 μg/m3. LUSI contributed to increased air pollution primarily through H2S, SO2 and PM2.5. The Air Quality Index (AQI) of PM2.5 (164-217) and SO2 (235-291) showed that the air quality at the disaster area was 'very unhealthy'. Backward trajectories indicated that the wind direction may have had an impact on the air pollution load.

KW - Air quality index

KW - Heavy metals

KW - VOC

KW - Volcano

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053624843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053624843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17576/jsm-2018-4708-05

DO - 10.17576/jsm-2018-4708-05

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053624843

VL - 47

SP - 1665

EP - 1674

JO - Sains Malaysiana

JF - Sains Malaysiana

SN - 0126-6039

IS - 8

ER -