Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Cinnamomum aureofulvum Gamb.

Nor Azah Mohd Ali, Mastura Mohtar, Khozirah Shaari, Mawardi Rahmanii, A. Manaf Ali, Ibrahim Jantan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The leaf and bark oils of Cinnamomum aureofulvum Gamb. were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The leaf oil was made up predominantly of benzyl benzoate (43.5%), benzyl alcohol (8.1%) and linalool (7.3%), whereas the bark oil contained cinnamaldehyde (46.6%), linalool (14.6%) and eugenol (5.0%) as the major components. The oils were screened for antibacterial activity against two Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis) and two Gram negative bacteria (Pseudomonas cepacia and P. aeruginosa) and antifungal activity against two Candida species (C. albicans and C. glabrata) and three dermatophytes (Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T. rubrum) by using the broth microdilution method. The oils exhibited insignificant activity against all the bacteria except P. aeruginosa, which was observed to be sensitive to the bark oil with MIC value of 1.87 μg/μL. They demonstrated moderate to strong activities towards all the fungi tested except C. glabrata, with MIC values ranging from 0.63 to 2.50 μg/μL. Among the fungi, M. canis was the most susceptible, with both oils exhibiting their lowest MIC values towards the fungi. The bark oil was found to be more effective than the leaf oil and their activity was mainly due to their respective major components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-138
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002

Fingerprint

Cinnamomum
Volatile Oils
Oils
essential oils
anti-infective agents
chemical composition
oils
Chemical analysis
bark
Microsporum canis
Fungi
leaf oils
linalool
Bacteria
fungi
benzyl benzoate
Burkholderia cepacia
Candida glabrata
benzyl alcohol
Trichophyton rubrum

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Benzyl benzoate
  • Cinnamaldehyde
  • Cinnamomum aureofulvum
  • Essential oil composition
  • Lauraceae
  • Linalool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Cinnamomum aureofulvum Gamb. / Ali, Nor Azah Mohd; Mohtar, Mastura; Shaari, Khozirah; Rahmanii, Mawardi; Ali, A. Manaf; Jantan, Ibrahim.

In: Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 03.2002, p. 135-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ali, Nor Azah Mohd ; Mohtar, Mastura ; Shaari, Khozirah ; Rahmanii, Mawardi ; Ali, A. Manaf ; Jantan, Ibrahim. / Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Cinnamomum aureofulvum Gamb. In: Journal of Essential Oil Research. 2002 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 135-138.
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