Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB

Fatihah Azamkamal, Sarani Zakaria, Sinyee Gan, Hatika Kaco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre (EFB) was bleached using four stages bleaching sequences (DEED) where D was a bleaching process composed of 1.7 wt% NaClO2 and buffer solution while E was composed of NaOH solution. Raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose which treated with 3.5 N sodium hydroxide were used as a raw material for esterification with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and enhancement with acetic acid. The samples of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose were observed using optical microscope. The thermal properties of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose esterified with EDTA were studied. The effect of mercerized cellulose on esterification process of EDTA was investigated. The studies suggested that the mercerization process affect the thermal stability of the cellulose. The transmittance of FTIR band showed that raw cellulose gave better esterification product compared to mercerized cellulose. Hence, the mercerization process of cellulose does not improve the esterification of cellulose with EDTA.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

fruits
ethylenediaminetetraacetic acids
cellulose
fibers
bleaching
sodium hydroxides
optical microscopes
acetic acid
transmittance
thermal stability
thermodynamic properties
buffers
oils

Keywords

  • acetic acid
  • EDTA
  • empty fruit bunch fibre
  • esterification
  • mercerized

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Azamkamal, F., Zakaria, S., Gan, S., & Kaco, H. (2018). Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020016] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027931

Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB. / Azamkamal, Fatihah; Zakaria, Sarani; Gan, Sinyee; Kaco, Hatika.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Azamkamal, F, Zakaria, S, Gan, S & Kaco, H 2018, Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020016, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027931
Azamkamal F, Zakaria S, Gan S, Kaco H. Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020016 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027931
Azamkamal, Fatihah ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Gan, Sinyee ; Kaco, Hatika. / Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
@inproceedings{6d6ca4fb316c40e784eba12144ae3854,
title = "Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB",
abstract = "Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre (EFB) was bleached using four stages bleaching sequences (DEED) where D was a bleaching process composed of 1.7 wt{\%} NaClO2 and buffer solution while E was composed of NaOH solution. Raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose which treated with 3.5 N sodium hydroxide were used as a raw material for esterification with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and enhancement with acetic acid. The samples of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose were observed using optical microscope. The thermal properties of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose esterified with EDTA were studied. The effect of mercerized cellulose on esterification process of EDTA was investigated. The studies suggested that the mercerization process affect the thermal stability of the cellulose. The transmittance of FTIR band showed that raw cellulose gave better esterification product compared to mercerized cellulose. Hence, the mercerization process of cellulose does not improve the esterification of cellulose with EDTA.",
keywords = "acetic acid, EDTA, empty fruit bunch fibre, esterification, mercerized",
author = "Fatihah Azamkamal and Sarani Zakaria and Sinyee Gan and Hatika Kaco",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1063/1.5027931",
language = "English",
volume = "1940",
booktitle = "2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Chemical and thermal studies on esterification of EDTA with raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose EFB

AU - Azamkamal, Fatihah

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Gan, Sinyee

AU - Kaco, Hatika

PY - 2018/4/4

Y1 - 2018/4/4

N2 - Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre (EFB) was bleached using four stages bleaching sequences (DEED) where D was a bleaching process composed of 1.7 wt% NaClO2 and buffer solution while E was composed of NaOH solution. Raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose which treated with 3.5 N sodium hydroxide were used as a raw material for esterification with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and enhancement with acetic acid. The samples of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose were observed using optical microscope. The thermal properties of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose esterified with EDTA were studied. The effect of mercerized cellulose on esterification process of EDTA was investigated. The studies suggested that the mercerization process affect the thermal stability of the cellulose. The transmittance of FTIR band showed that raw cellulose gave better esterification product compared to mercerized cellulose. Hence, the mercerization process of cellulose does not improve the esterification of cellulose with EDTA.

AB - Oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre (EFB) was bleached using four stages bleaching sequences (DEED) where D was a bleaching process composed of 1.7 wt% NaClO2 and buffer solution while E was composed of NaOH solution. Raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose which treated with 3.5 N sodium hydroxide were used as a raw material for esterification with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and enhancement with acetic acid. The samples of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose were observed using optical microscope. The thermal properties of raw cellulose and mercerized cellulose esterified with EDTA were studied. The effect of mercerized cellulose on esterification process of EDTA was investigated. The studies suggested that the mercerization process affect the thermal stability of the cellulose. The transmittance of FTIR band showed that raw cellulose gave better esterification product compared to mercerized cellulose. Hence, the mercerization process of cellulose does not improve the esterification of cellulose with EDTA.

KW - acetic acid

KW - EDTA

KW - empty fruit bunch fibre

KW - esterification

KW - mercerized

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045683181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045683181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5027931

DO - 10.1063/1.5027931

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1940

BT - 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -