Charge storage performance of lithiated iron phosphate/activated carbon composite as symmetrical electrode for electrochemical capacitor

M. Y. Ho, P. S. Khiew, D. Isa, T. K. Tan, W. S. Chiu, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a symmetric electrochemical capacitor was fabricated by adopting a lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4)-activated carbon (AC) composite as the core electrode material in 1.0 M Na2SO3 and 1.0 M Li2SO4 aqueous electrolyte solutions. The composite electrodes were prepared via a facile mechanical mixing process. The structural properties of the nanocomposite electrodes were characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The electrochemical performances of the prepared composite electrode were studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge (CD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The experimental results reveal that a maximum specific capacitance of 112.41 F/g was obtained a 40 wt% LiFePO4 loading on an AC electrode compared with that of a pure AC electrode (76.24 F/g) in 1 M Na2SO3. The improvement in the capacitive performance of the 40 wt% LiFePO4-AC composite electrode is believed to be attributed to the contribution of the synergistic effect of the electric double layer capacitance (EDLC) of the AC electrode and pseudocapacitance via the intercalation/extraction of H+, OH-, Na+ and SO3 2- and Li+ ions in LiFePO4 lattices. In contrast, it appears that the incorporation of LiFePO4 into AC electrodes does not increase the charge storage capability when Li2SO4 is used as the electrolyte. This behaviour can be explained by the fact that the electrolyte system containing SO4 2- only exhibits EDLC in the Fe-based electrodes. Additionally, Li+ ions that have lower conductivity and mobility may lead to poorer charge storage capability compared to Na+ ions. Overall, the results reveal that the AC composite electrodes with 40 wt% LiFePO4 loading on a Na2SO3 neutral electrolyte exhibit high cycling stability and reversibility and thus display great potential for electrochemical capacitor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1564-1575
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

electrochemical capacitors
activated carbon
Activated carbon
phosphates
Phosphates
Capacitors
Iron
iron
Electrodes
composite materials
electrodes
Composite materials
Electrolytes
electrolytes
capacitance
Capacitance
Ions
ions
low conductivity
electrode materials

Keywords

  • Aqueous electrolyte
  • Electrochemical capacitor
  • Lithium iron phosphate
  • Lithium sulphate
  • Sodium sulphide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Charge storage performance of lithiated iron phosphate/activated carbon composite as symmetrical electrode for electrochemical capacitor. / Ho, M. Y.; Khiew, P. S.; Isa, D.; Tan, T. K.; Chiu, W. S.; Chia, Chin Hua.

In: Current Applied Physics, Vol. 14, No. 11, 2014, p. 1564-1575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this study, a symmetric electrochemical capacitor was fabricated by adopting a lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4)-activated carbon (AC) composite as the core electrode material in 1.0 M Na2SO3 and 1.0 M Li2SO4 aqueous electrolyte solutions. The composite electrodes were prepared via a facile mechanical mixing process. The structural properties of the nanocomposite electrodes were characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The electrochemical performances of the prepared composite electrode were studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge (CD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The experimental results reveal that a maximum specific capacitance of 112.41 F/g was obtained a 40 wt{\%} LiFePO4 loading on an AC electrode compared with that of a pure AC electrode (76.24 F/g) in 1 M Na2SO3. The improvement in the capacitive performance of the 40 wt{\%} LiFePO4-AC composite electrode is believed to be attributed to the contribution of the synergistic effect of the electric double layer capacitance (EDLC) of the AC electrode and pseudocapacitance via the intercalation/extraction of H+, OH-, Na+ and SO3 2- and Li+ ions in LiFePO4 lattices. In contrast, it appears that the incorporation of LiFePO4 into AC electrodes does not increase the charge storage capability when Li2SO4 is used as the electrolyte. This behaviour can be explained by the fact that the electrolyte system containing SO4 2- only exhibits EDLC in the Fe-based electrodes. Additionally, Li+ ions that have lower conductivity and mobility may lead to poorer charge storage capability compared to Na+ ions. Overall, the results reveal that the AC composite electrodes with 40 wt{\%} LiFePO4 loading on a Na2SO3 neutral electrolyte exhibit high cycling stability and reversibility and thus display great potential for electrochemical capacitor applications.",
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KW - Lithium sulphate

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