Characterizing the Deacidification Adsorption Model of Organic Acids and Phenolic Compounds of Noni Extract Using Weak Base Ion Exchanger

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Abstract

Although noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) has been used to treat a broad range of diseases, many people avoid consuming the fruits because of its unpleasant odor caused by organic acids. Even though ion exchange resins were able to reduce the odor, it also reduced beneficial antioxidant compounds. Thus, to preserve antioxidants (phenolic compounds) during deacidification, it is important to characterize the interaction of ion exchange resin with both organic acids and phenolic compounds. Adsorption capacities of organic acids and phenolic compounds commonly found in the noni fruit were conducted onto Amberlite IRA 67 resin. The phase contact time to reach equilibrium for octanoic acid and hexanoic acid compounds was 326.86 and 160.72 min, respectively. The values of initial adsorption rate, 1/K1, and adsorption extent, 1/K2, decreased with the increase of initial concentration for all compounds studied. Results for all the compounds studied fitted well to the Langmuir model. The effect of pH in adsorption capacity of the actual system (noni juice) has been applied based on the model system studied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6376929
JournalJournal of Chemistry
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Ion exchangers
Organic acids
Ion Exchange Resins
Adsorption
Odors
Fruits
Antioxidants
Resins
phenolic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Characterizing the Deacidification Adsorption Model of Organic Acids and Phenolic Compounds of Noni Extract Using Weak Base Ion Exchanger",
abstract = "Although noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) has been used to treat a broad range of diseases, many people avoid consuming the fruits because of its unpleasant odor caused by organic acids. Even though ion exchange resins were able to reduce the odor, it also reduced beneficial antioxidant compounds. Thus, to preserve antioxidants (phenolic compounds) during deacidification, it is important to characterize the interaction of ion exchange resin with both organic acids and phenolic compounds. Adsorption capacities of organic acids and phenolic compounds commonly found in the noni fruit were conducted onto Amberlite IRA 67 resin. The phase contact time to reach equilibrium for octanoic acid and hexanoic acid compounds was 326.86 and 160.72 min, respectively. The values of initial adsorption rate, 1/K1, and adsorption extent, 1/K2, decreased with the increase of initial concentration for all compounds studied. Results for all the compounds studied fitted well to the Langmuir model. The effect of pH in adsorption capacity of the actual system (noni juice) has been applied based on the model system studied.",
author = "Haslaniza Hashim and Zubairi, {Saiful Irwan} and {Wan Mustapha}, {Wan Aida} and Maskat, {Mohamad Yusof}",
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AU - Hashim, Haslaniza

AU - Zubairi, Saiful Irwan

AU - Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida

AU - Maskat, Mohamad Yusof

PY - 2018/1/1

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N2 - Although noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) has been used to treat a broad range of diseases, many people avoid consuming the fruits because of its unpleasant odor caused by organic acids. Even though ion exchange resins were able to reduce the odor, it also reduced beneficial antioxidant compounds. Thus, to preserve antioxidants (phenolic compounds) during deacidification, it is important to characterize the interaction of ion exchange resin with both organic acids and phenolic compounds. Adsorption capacities of organic acids and phenolic compounds commonly found in the noni fruit were conducted onto Amberlite IRA 67 resin. The phase contact time to reach equilibrium for octanoic acid and hexanoic acid compounds was 326.86 and 160.72 min, respectively. The values of initial adsorption rate, 1/K1, and adsorption extent, 1/K2, decreased with the increase of initial concentration for all compounds studied. Results for all the compounds studied fitted well to the Langmuir model. The effect of pH in adsorption capacity of the actual system (noni juice) has been applied based on the model system studied.

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