Characterization of trihalomethanes (THMs) levels in surface water, domestic and industrial wastewater

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trihalomethanes (THMs) are one of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) groups that formed due to the reaction of organic matters with inorganic DPBs precursor and disinfectant. In this study, water (tap water, laboratory, river, Alur Ilmu and lake water, Engineering Lake), domestic (sewage) and industries wastewater (pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills) were sampled in order to characterize and compare the level of THMs with the regulated limits of wastewater effluent and drinking water. The concentrations of total THMs (TTHMs) in raw and effluent of pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills wastewater were 2589.24 and 1565.01 μg L-1, 2008.40 and 1519.63 μg L-1, respectively. The concentration of TTHMs in Engineering Lake was in range of 1481.54-1520.96 μg L-1, while in Alur Ilmu was around 2923.78-3724.05 μg L-1. It was also unexpected results that the levels of the TTHMs in laboratory tap water was in range of 1498.64-2288.46 μg L-1 which was higher than regulated limits for drinking water. Thus, further treatment of THMs is required either using chemical or biological treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Technology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

surface water
wastewater
mill
drug
drinking water
effluent
engineering
lake
disinfection
water
lake water
sewage
organic matter
industry
river
pulp
paper
laboratory
by-product
biological treatment

Keywords

  • Disinfection
  • Disinfection by-products
  • Drinking water
  • Micropollutants
  • Trihalomethane (THMs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Trihalomethanes (THMs) are one of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) groups that formed due to the reaction of organic matters with inorganic DPBs precursor and disinfectant. In this study, water (tap water, laboratory, river, Alur Ilmu and lake water, Engineering Lake), domestic (sewage) and industries wastewater (pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills) were sampled in order to characterize and compare the level of THMs with the regulated limits of wastewater effluent and drinking water. The concentrations of total THMs (TTHMs) in raw and effluent of pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills wastewater were 2589.24 and 1565.01 μg L-1, 2008.40 and 1519.63 μg L-1, respectively. The concentration of TTHMs in Engineering Lake was in range of 1481.54-1520.96 μg L-1, while in Alur Ilmu was around 2923.78-3724.05 μg L-1. It was also unexpected results that the levels of the TTHMs in laboratory tap water was in range of 1498.64-2288.46 μg L-1 which was higher than regulated limits for drinking water. Thus, further treatment of THMs is required either using chemical or biological treatments.",
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AU - Zainudin, Fathiyyah Mohd

AU - Abu Hasan, Hassimi

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Trihalomethanes (THMs) are one of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) groups that formed due to the reaction of organic matters with inorganic DPBs precursor and disinfectant. In this study, water (tap water, laboratory, river, Alur Ilmu and lake water, Engineering Lake), domestic (sewage) and industries wastewater (pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills) were sampled in order to characterize and compare the level of THMs with the regulated limits of wastewater effluent and drinking water. The concentrations of total THMs (TTHMs) in raw and effluent of pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills wastewater were 2589.24 and 1565.01 μg L-1, 2008.40 and 1519.63 μg L-1, respectively. The concentration of TTHMs in Engineering Lake was in range of 1481.54-1520.96 μg L-1, while in Alur Ilmu was around 2923.78-3724.05 μg L-1. It was also unexpected results that the levels of the TTHMs in laboratory tap water was in range of 1498.64-2288.46 μg L-1 which was higher than regulated limits for drinking water. Thus, further treatment of THMs is required either using chemical or biological treatments.

AB - Trihalomethanes (THMs) are one of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) groups that formed due to the reaction of organic matters with inorganic DPBs precursor and disinfectant. In this study, water (tap water, laboratory, river, Alur Ilmu and lake water, Engineering Lake), domestic (sewage) and industries wastewater (pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills) were sampled in order to characterize and compare the level of THMs with the regulated limits of wastewater effluent and drinking water. The concentrations of total THMs (TTHMs) in raw and effluent of pharmaceutical and pulp and paper mills wastewater were 2589.24 and 1565.01 μg L-1, 2008.40 and 1519.63 μg L-1, respectively. The concentration of TTHMs in Engineering Lake was in range of 1481.54-1520.96 μg L-1, while in Alur Ilmu was around 2923.78-3724.05 μg L-1. It was also unexpected results that the levels of the TTHMs in laboratory tap water was in range of 1498.64-2288.46 μg L-1 which was higher than regulated limits for drinking water. Thus, further treatment of THMs is required either using chemical or biological treatments.

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