Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method

Muhammad Hanif Sainorudin, Masita Mohammad, Nurul Huda Abd Kadir, Nur Athirah Abdullah, Zahira Yaakob

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this study, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was extracted from various types of local agricultural wastes. Four types of agricultural waste such as coconut coir, banana stem, sugarcane bagasse and pineapple leaves were collected, extracted and hydrolyzed into microcrystalline cellulose, using pre-treatment (alkaline and bleaching) and acid hydrolysis, respectively. The extracted MCC were analyzed and compared with those of commercially available MCC. The study of crystallinity behaviors of the obtained MCC was performed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis. The XRD of MCC revealed that the crystallinity of pineapple leaves has the highest crystallinity index with 75% in value and closest compared to commercial MCC, 81.25%. The value of crystallinity index for banana stem is 74.55% followed by coconut coir, 72.73% and sugarcane bagasse, 66.50%. All of the MCC samples showed the similar pattern with the typical crystalline structure of cellulose I. The crystallite size of all MCC samples was calculated and found in the range of 4.04 – 5.14 nm. These extracted MCC that obtained from several agricultural wastes was supposed to have a high potential as value-added products in industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Materials
EditorsMohd Firdaus Omar, Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh, Dewi Suriyani Che Halin, Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Farah Farhana Zainal, Heah Cheng-Yong, Liew Yun-Ming, Khairel Rafezi Ahmad, Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages340-345
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783035713305
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018 - Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 16 Apr 201816 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameSolid State Phenomena
Volume280 SSP
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9779

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018
CountryThailand
CityBangkok
Period16/4/1816/4/18

Fingerprint

Agricultural wastes
cellulose
Cellulose
x ray diffraction
Diffraction
X rays
crystallinity
Bagasse
stems
leaves
microcrystalline cellulose
Crystallite size
Bleaching
bleaching
X ray diffraction analysis
Industrial applications
diffraction
pretreatment
Hydrolysis
hydrolysis

Keywords

  • Agricultural waste
  • Crystallinity
  • Microcrystalline cellulose
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Sainorudin, M. H., Mohammad, M., Kadir, N. H. A., Abdullah, N. A., & Yaakob, Z. (2018). Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method. In M. F. Omar, M. A. A. M. Salleh, D. S. Che Halin, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, F. F. Zainal, H. Cheng-Yong, L. Yun-Ming, K. R. Ahmad, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, ... S. S. S. Bakar (Eds.), Sustainable Materials (pp. 340-345). (Solid State Phenomena; Vol. 280 SSP). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.340

Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method. / Sainorudin, Muhammad Hanif; Mohammad, Masita; Kadir, Nurul Huda Abd; Abdullah, Nur Athirah; Yaakob, Zahira.

Sustainable Materials. ed. / Mohd Firdaus Omar; Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh; Dewi Suriyani Che Halin; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Farah Farhana Zainal; Heah Cheng-Yong; Liew Yun-Ming; Khairel Rafezi Ahmad; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2018. p. 340-345 (Solid State Phenomena; Vol. 280 SSP).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sainorudin, MH, Mohammad, M, Kadir, NHA, Abdullah, NA & Yaakob, Z 2018, Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method. in MF Omar, MAAM Salleh, DS Che Halin, MMA-B Abdullah, FF Zainal, H Cheng-Yong, L Yun-Ming, KR Ahmad, MMA-B Abdullah & SSS Bakar (eds), Sustainable Materials. Solid State Phenomena, vol. 280 SSP, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 340-345, International Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, 16/4/18. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.340
Sainorudin MH, Mohammad M, Kadir NHA, Abdullah NA, Yaakob Z. Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method. In Omar MF, Salleh MAAM, Che Halin DS, Abdullah MMA-B, Zainal FF, Cheng-Yong H, Yun-Ming L, Ahmad KR, Abdullah MMA-B, Bakar SSS, editors, Sustainable Materials. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2018. p. 340-345. (Solid State Phenomena). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.340
Sainorudin, Muhammad Hanif ; Mohammad, Masita ; Kadir, Nurul Huda Abd ; Abdullah, Nur Athirah ; Yaakob, Zahira. / Characterization of several microcrystalline cellulose (Mcc)-based agricultural wastes via x-ray diffraction method. Sustainable Materials. editor / Mohd Firdaus Omar ; Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh ; Dewi Suriyani Che Halin ; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Farah Farhana Zainal ; Heah Cheng-Yong ; Liew Yun-Ming ; Khairel Rafezi Ahmad ; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2018. pp. 340-345 (Solid State Phenomena).
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