Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design

Arif Hafifi Zulkipli, Thinal Raj, Fazida Hanim Hashim, Aqilah Baseri Huddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) has recently gained popularity in numerous industries due to its unique capabilities. Multicopters are increasingly replacing conventional helicopters and fixed wing planes as the most commonly manufactured Micro Aerial Vehicles, due to their reasonable price. Unlike the long flight operations of fixed wing planes, multicopters can only be operated for short durations. The performance of multicopter depend on the characteristic of the motor that had being used. Adding further payloads to multicopters will deteriorate the performance in terms of stability and flight time. The objective of this paper is to study the characteristics of brushless direct current motor for the purpose of multicopter design. The experiments to determine the characteristics of brushless direct current motor are divided into two parts. The first part of the experiment is the measurement of lift force, power consumption, and current drain under various loads. The next part of the experiment is the measurement of the propeller RPM. All experiments were conducted using the same propeller, motor and Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) setup. The data collected from the experiments is used to generate five characteristics graphs, which consist of propeller rotation versus throttle, power versus propeller rotation, lift versus throttle, current versus throttle and finally power versus throttle. Besides that, the graph of flight time vs throttle input was estimated. All the data was used to build a reference table to estimate the minimum take-off throttle input and flight time for various multicopter configurations. In conclusion, the reference table and the graphs can be useful in aiding multicopter designers in designing an octocopter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages586-591
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028894
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2017
Event2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 14 Nov 201616 Nov 2016

Other

Other2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016
CountryMalaysia
CityPutrajaya
Period14/11/1616/11/16

Fingerprint

Brushless DC motors
propellers
flight time
Propellers
direct current
fixed wings
Fixed wings
Experiments
flight operations
pilotless aircraft
takeoff
helicopters
payloads
wings
Drain current
Takeoff
controllers
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
vehicles
Helicopters

Keywords

  • Direct Current Brushless Motor
  • Micro Aerial Vehicle
  • Multicopter
  • Remotely Pilot vehicles
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Zulkipli, A. H., Raj, T., Hashim, F. H., & Huddin, A. B. (2017). Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design. In 2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016 (pp. 586-591). [7888114] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAEES.2016.7888114

Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design. / Zulkipli, Arif Hafifi; Raj, Thinal; Hashim, Fazida Hanim; Huddin, Aqilah Baseri.

2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. p. 586-591 7888114.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zulkipli, AH, Raj, T, Hashim, FH & Huddin, AB 2017, Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design. in 2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016., 7888114, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 586-591, 2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 14/11/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAEES.2016.7888114
Zulkipli AH, Raj T, Hashim FH, Huddin AB. Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design. In 2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2017. p. 586-591. 7888114 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAEES.2016.7888114
Zulkipli, Arif Hafifi ; Raj, Thinal ; Hashim, Fazida Hanim ; Huddin, Aqilah Baseri. / Characterization of DC brushless motor for an efficient multicopter design. 2016 International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, ICAEES 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. pp. 586-591
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