Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch

Muhammad Asri Abdul Sisak, Rusli Daik, Suria Ramli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, cellulose has been studied by many researchers due to its promising properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, hydrophilicity and robustness. Due to that it is applied in many fields such as paper, film, drug delivery, membranes, etc. Cellulose can be extracted from various plants while oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is the one of its sources. In this study, cellulose was extracted by chemical treatments which involved the use of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide to remove hemicellulose and lignin components. Maximum yield was 43.22%. Based on the FT-IR spectra, the peak of wax (1735 cm-1), hemicellulose (1375 cm-1) and lignin (1248 cm-1 and 1037 cm-1) were not observed in extracted cellulose. TGA analysis showed that the extracted cellulose starts to thermally degrade at 340 °C. The SEM analysis suggested that the cellulose extracted from OPEFB was not much different from commercial cellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1678
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2015
Event2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 15 Apr 201516 Apr 2015

Other

Other2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period15/4/1516/4/15

Fingerprint

fruits
cellulose
oils
lignin
biodegradability
waxes
formic acid
peroxides
biocompatibility
hydrogen peroxide
delivery
drugs
membranes
scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • cellulose
  • commercial cellulose
  • oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Sisak, M. A. A., Daik, R., & Ramli, S. (2015). Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1678). [050016] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931295

Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch. / Sisak, Muhammad Asri Abdul; Daik, Rusli; Ramli, Suria.

2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 050016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sisak, MAA, Daik, R & Ramli, S 2015, Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch. in 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1678, 050016, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015, Selangor, Malaysia, 15/4/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931295
Sisak MAA, Daik R, Ramli S. Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 050016 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931295
Sisak, Muhammad Asri Abdul ; Daik, Rusli ; Ramli, Suria. / Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch. 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015.
@inproceedings{ffb86e39fafd4b409a64fd498db96925,
title = "Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch",
abstract = "Recently, cellulose has been studied by many researchers due to its promising properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, hydrophilicity and robustness. Due to that it is applied in many fields such as paper, film, drug delivery, membranes, etc. Cellulose can be extracted from various plants while oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is the one of its sources. In this study, cellulose was extracted by chemical treatments which involved the use of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide to remove hemicellulose and lignin components. Maximum yield was 43.22{\%}. Based on the FT-IR spectra, the peak of wax (1735 cm-1), hemicellulose (1375 cm-1) and lignin (1248 cm-1 and 1037 cm-1) were not observed in extracted cellulose. TGA analysis showed that the extracted cellulose starts to thermally degrade at 340 °C. The SEM analysis suggested that the cellulose extracted from OPEFB was not much different from commercial cellulose.",
keywords = "cellulose, commercial cellulose, oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)",
author = "Sisak, {Muhammad Asri Abdul} and Rusli Daik and Suria Ramli",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1063/1.4931295",
language = "English",
volume = "1678",
booktitle = "2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Characterization of cellulose extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch

AU - Sisak, Muhammad Asri Abdul

AU - Daik, Rusli

AU - Ramli, Suria

PY - 2015/9/25

Y1 - 2015/9/25

N2 - Recently, cellulose has been studied by many researchers due to its promising properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, hydrophilicity and robustness. Due to that it is applied in many fields such as paper, film, drug delivery, membranes, etc. Cellulose can be extracted from various plants while oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is the one of its sources. In this study, cellulose was extracted by chemical treatments which involved the use of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide to remove hemicellulose and lignin components. Maximum yield was 43.22%. Based on the FT-IR spectra, the peak of wax (1735 cm-1), hemicellulose (1375 cm-1) and lignin (1248 cm-1 and 1037 cm-1) were not observed in extracted cellulose. TGA analysis showed that the extracted cellulose starts to thermally degrade at 340 °C. The SEM analysis suggested that the cellulose extracted from OPEFB was not much different from commercial cellulose.

AB - Recently, cellulose has been studied by many researchers due to its promising properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, hydrophilicity and robustness. Due to that it is applied in many fields such as paper, film, drug delivery, membranes, etc. Cellulose can be extracted from various plants while oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is the one of its sources. In this study, cellulose was extracted by chemical treatments which involved the use of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide to remove hemicellulose and lignin components. Maximum yield was 43.22%. Based on the FT-IR spectra, the peak of wax (1735 cm-1), hemicellulose (1375 cm-1) and lignin (1248 cm-1 and 1037 cm-1) were not observed in extracted cellulose. TGA analysis showed that the extracted cellulose starts to thermally degrade at 340 °C. The SEM analysis suggested that the cellulose extracted from OPEFB was not much different from commercial cellulose.

KW - cellulose

KW - commercial cellulose

KW - oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85006201499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85006201499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4931295

DO - 10.1063/1.4931295

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85006201499

VL - 1678

BT - 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -