Characterization of biodiesel from second generation gamma-irradiated Jatropha curcas

Ibdal Satar, Wan Isahak Wan Nor Roslam, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel (B2γ-300) derived from second-generation gamma-irradiated Jatropha curcas (JCO2γ-300) was analyzed. HPLC and NMR were used to determine the purity of B2γ-300, and a value of greater than 99.0% was verified. Phorbol ester (PE) composition in B2γ-300 was analyzed by HPLC but could not be detected. Elemental content of nitrogen (N), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), sulfur (S) and oxygen (O) were analyzed by using NCHS. No sulfur content in B2γ-300 could be detected, but N, C, H and O had values of 0.24%, 80.54%, 6.65% and 12.57%, respectively. Overall, it was concluded that the physicochemical properties of B2γ-300 have potential as source of alternative fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Biodiesel
Sulfur
Hydrogen
Alternative fuels
Phorbol Esters
Esters
Nitrogen
Carbon
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Oxygen
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Alternative fuel
  • Biodiesel
  • Jatropha curcas
  • Phorbol ester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Characterization of biodiesel from second generation gamma-irradiated Jatropha curcas. / Satar, Ibdal; Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak; Salimon, Jumat.

In: Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 49, 2015, p. 85-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Biodiesel (B2γ-300) derived from second-generation gamma-irradiated Jatropha curcas (JCO2γ-300) was analyzed. HPLC and NMR were used to determine the purity of B2γ-300, and a value of greater than 99.0{\%} was verified. Phorbol ester (PE) composition in B2γ-300 was analyzed by HPLC but could not be detected. Elemental content of nitrogen (N), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), sulfur (S) and oxygen (O) were analyzed by using NCHS. No sulfur content in B2γ-300 could be detected, but N, C, H and O had values of 0.24{\%}, 80.54{\%}, 6.65{\%} and 12.57{\%}, respectively. Overall, it was concluded that the physicochemical properties of B2γ-300 have potential as source of alternative fuels.",
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N2 - Biodiesel (B2γ-300) derived from second-generation gamma-irradiated Jatropha curcas (JCO2γ-300) was analyzed. HPLC and NMR were used to determine the purity of B2γ-300, and a value of greater than 99.0% was verified. Phorbol ester (PE) composition in B2γ-300 was analyzed by HPLC but could not be detected. Elemental content of nitrogen (N), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), sulfur (S) and oxygen (O) were analyzed by using NCHS. No sulfur content in B2γ-300 could be detected, but N, C, H and O had values of 0.24%, 80.54%, 6.65% and 12.57%, respectively. Overall, it was concluded that the physicochemical properties of B2γ-300 have potential as source of alternative fuels.

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