Characteristics of residual oil extracted from palm oil mill effluent (POME)

Sri Rizki Putri Primandari, Zahira Yaakob, Masita Mohammad, Abu Bakar Mohamad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malaysia produces approximately 10 million tons of palm oil mill effluent (POME) annually. This effluent is also called oily wastewater due to its oil and grease content of approximately 0.6-0.7%. This study obtained a residual oil yield of 0.7%v of raw POME by extracting the residual oil from the palm oil mill effluent via a solvent extraction process. The extracted residual oil has been analyzed to determine its physical, chemical and fuel properties. The residual oil had the following characteristics: free fatty acid content, 7.756%; density, 0.907 g/cm3; viscosity, 43 cSt; acid value, 19.986; saponification 3 value, 147.263 mg KOH/g oil; unsaponifiable matter, 1.033%w; moisture content, 2.359%; carotene content, 407.895 ppm; and a similar fatty acid composition to commercial palm oil. The similarity of the characteristics of the residual oil to those of commercial oil and jatropha oil indicate the possibility of using the residual oil as feedstock in biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1482-1484
Number of pages3
JournalWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Effluents
Fatty acids
Oils
Saponification
Lubricating greases
Solvent extraction
Biodiesel
Feedstocks
Wastewater
Moisture
Viscosity

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Colloidal waste
  • Environmental
  • Oily wastewater
  • Palm oil mill effluent
  • Residual oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Characteristics of residual oil extracted from palm oil mill effluent (POME). / Putri Primandari, Sri Rizki; Yaakob, Zahira; Mohammad, Masita; Mohamad, Abu Bakar.

In: World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 27, No. 11, 2013, p. 1482-1484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d06edd5716a7440992b254b3333c0238,
title = "Characteristics of residual oil extracted from palm oil mill effluent (POME)",
abstract = "Malaysia produces approximately 10 million tons of palm oil mill effluent (POME) annually. This effluent is also called oily wastewater due to its oil and grease content of approximately 0.6-0.7{\%}. This study obtained a residual oil yield of 0.7{\%}v of raw POME by extracting the residual oil from the palm oil mill effluent via a solvent extraction process. The extracted residual oil has been analyzed to determine its physical, chemical and fuel properties. The residual oil had the following characteristics: free fatty acid content, 7.756{\%}; density, 0.907 g/cm3; viscosity, 43 cSt; acid value, 19.986; saponification 3 value, 147.263 mg KOH/g oil; unsaponifiable matter, 1.033{\%}w; moisture content, 2.359{\%}; carotene content, 407.895 ppm; and a similar fatty acid composition to commercial palm oil. The similarity of the characteristics of the residual oil to those of commercial oil and jatropha oil indicate the possibility of using the residual oil as feedstock in biodiesel production.",
keywords = "Biodiesel, Colloidal waste, Environmental, Oily wastewater, Palm oil mill effluent, Residual oil",
author = "{Putri Primandari}, {Sri Rizki} and Zahira Yaakob and Masita Mohammad and Mohamad, {Abu Bakar}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.27.11.1422",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "1482--1484",
journal = "World Applied Sciences Journal",
issn = "1818-4952",
publisher = "International Digital Organization for Scientific Information",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of residual oil extracted from palm oil mill effluent (POME)

AU - Putri Primandari, Sri Rizki

AU - Yaakob, Zahira

AU - Mohammad, Masita

AU - Mohamad, Abu Bakar

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Malaysia produces approximately 10 million tons of palm oil mill effluent (POME) annually. This effluent is also called oily wastewater due to its oil and grease content of approximately 0.6-0.7%. This study obtained a residual oil yield of 0.7%v of raw POME by extracting the residual oil from the palm oil mill effluent via a solvent extraction process. The extracted residual oil has been analyzed to determine its physical, chemical and fuel properties. The residual oil had the following characteristics: free fatty acid content, 7.756%; density, 0.907 g/cm3; viscosity, 43 cSt; acid value, 19.986; saponification 3 value, 147.263 mg KOH/g oil; unsaponifiable matter, 1.033%w; moisture content, 2.359%; carotene content, 407.895 ppm; and a similar fatty acid composition to commercial palm oil. The similarity of the characteristics of the residual oil to those of commercial oil and jatropha oil indicate the possibility of using the residual oil as feedstock in biodiesel production.

AB - Malaysia produces approximately 10 million tons of palm oil mill effluent (POME) annually. This effluent is also called oily wastewater due to its oil and grease content of approximately 0.6-0.7%. This study obtained a residual oil yield of 0.7%v of raw POME by extracting the residual oil from the palm oil mill effluent via a solvent extraction process. The extracted residual oil has been analyzed to determine its physical, chemical and fuel properties. The residual oil had the following characteristics: free fatty acid content, 7.756%; density, 0.907 g/cm3; viscosity, 43 cSt; acid value, 19.986; saponification 3 value, 147.263 mg KOH/g oil; unsaponifiable matter, 1.033%w; moisture content, 2.359%; carotene content, 407.895 ppm; and a similar fatty acid composition to commercial palm oil. The similarity of the characteristics of the residual oil to those of commercial oil and jatropha oil indicate the possibility of using the residual oil as feedstock in biodiesel production.

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Colloidal waste

KW - Environmental

KW - Oily wastewater

KW - Palm oil mill effluent

KW - Residual oil

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891337627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891337627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.27.11.1422

DO - 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.27.11.1422

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 1482

EP - 1484

JO - World Applied Sciences Journal

JF - World Applied Sciences Journal

SN - 1818-4952

IS - 11

ER -