Characteristics of nanostructured caxzn(1-x)al 2o4 thin films prepared by sol-gel method for gps patch antennas

Wan Nasarudin Wan Jalal, Huda Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Zulfakar, Sahbudin Shaari, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, Badariah Bais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CaxZn(1-x)Al2O4 thin films (x = 0.00; 0.05; 0.10; 0.15 and 0.20) were prepared by sol-gel method with the substitution of Zn2+ by Ca2+ in the framework of ZnAl2O4. The effect of Ca addition on the structure and morphology of CaZnAl2O4 thin films was investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX), ultra-violet visible (UV-Vis) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The XRD patterns showed the characteristic peaks of face-centred cubic (fcc) ZnAl2O4 and CaZnAl2O4. The addition of Ca increased the crystallite size from 8.9 to 30.2 nm. The bandgap of CaxZn(1-x)Al2O4 thin film was found in the range of 3.40 to 3.84 eV. SEM micrograph shows the morphology of all thin films is sphere-like, with the grain size increased from 33 to 123 nm. The AFM images show the roughness of surface morphology increased. The substitution of Zn2+ by Ca2+ increased the crystallite size, grain size and surface roughness which evidently increased the density (4.59 to 4.64 g/cm3) and dielectric constant (8.48 to 9.54). The composition of CaxZn(1-x)Al2O4 is considered as suitable material for GPS patch antennas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-842
Number of pages10
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume43
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Microstrip antennas
Sol-gel process
Thin films
Crystallite size
X rays
Microscopes
Substitution reactions
Surface roughness
Field emission
Diffraction patterns
Surface morphology
Global positioning system
Energy gap
Permittivity
Electron microscopes
Diffraction
Spectroscopy
Scanning
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Band gap
  • Ca-znal2o4
  • Gps patch antena
  • Nanostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Characteristics of nanostructured caxzn(1-x)al 2o4 thin films prepared by sol-gel method for gps patch antennas. / Jalal, Wan Nasarudin Wan; Abdullah, Huda; Zulfakar, Mohd Syafiq; Shaari, Sahbudin; Islam, Mohammad Tariqul; Bais, Badariah.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 43, No. 6, 2014, p. 833-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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