Characteristic and composition of Jatropha curcas oil seed from Malaysia and its potential as biodiesel feedstock feedstock

Emil Akbar, Zahira Yaakob, Siti Kartom Kamarudin, Manal Ismail, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

260 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due the environmental concern and limited resources of petroleum oil has increase the demand of biodiesel. One way of reducing the biodiesel production costs is to use the less expensive feedstock containing fatty acids such as inedible oils, animal fats, waste food oil and by products of the refining vegetables oils The fact that Jatropha oil can not be used for nutritional purposes without detoxification makes its use as energy/fuel source very attractive. The lipid fraction of Jatropha oil seed were extracted and analyzed for their chemical and physical properties such as acid value, percentage free fatty acids (% FFA), iodine value, peroxide value and saponification value as well as viscosity, and density. The fatty acid and triacylglycerol (TAGs) composition of the extracted lipid was revealed using the gas chromatography (GC) and high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Both oleic acid (44.7%) and linoleic acid (32.8%) were detected as the dominant fatty acids while palmitic acid and stearic acid were the saturated fatty acids found in the Jatropha oil. OLL (22.94%) and OOL (17.9%) was detected as major triacylglycerol composition in the jatropha oil. The oil extracts exhibited good physicochemical properties and could be useful as biodiesel feedstock and industrial application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-403
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Scientific Research
Volume29
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Jatropha
Oilseeds
Malaysia
Biofuels
Jatropha curcas
biodiesel
Biodiesel
feedstocks
seed oils
Feedstocks
Seeds
Oils
seed
oils
Fatty Acids
oil
Fatty acids
Chemical analysis
fatty acid
acid

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Fatty acid
  • Jatropha curcas
  • Triacylglycerol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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AU - Ismail, Manal

AU - Salimon, Jumat

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