Characterising ballistic limits of lightweight laminated-structure as a protective panel for armoured vehicle

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Abstract

This study investigates the ballistic performance of aluminium alloy Al7075-T6 and magnesium alloy AZ31B served as the intermediate layer in triple-layered laminated panel using computational analysis. Aluminium and magnesium alloys offer a considerably potential for reducing the weight of an armoured vehicle body due to low densities and high energy absorption capabilities. The poor ballistic performance of these materials can be improved by layering with the high strength steel, Ar500. A commercial explicit finite element code was implemented to develop triple-layered panels impacted by a 7.62 mm armour piercing projectile at velocity range of 900 to 950 m/s. Two models were constructed where aluminium alloy and magnesium alloy served as intermediate layer in the first model and the second model respectively. The ballistic performance of each model in terms of ballistic limit velocity and depth of penetration was evaluated. Considering the 25% existing armour vehicle weight reduction, it was found that magnesium alloy has equivalent ballistic limit to that of aluminium alloy which is at 1020 m/s. At the standard projectile velocity, aluminium stopped the projectile at 24 mm depth and magnesium stopped at 25 mm. Thus, lightweight materials can be suitable combinations for designing lighter armoured vehicle panel without neglecting its ballistic performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-34
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
VolumeSI 4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Armored vehicles
Ballistics
Magnesium alloys
Aluminum alloys
Projectiles
Armor
Piercing
Energy absorption
High strength steel
Magnesium
Aluminum

Keywords

  • Ballistic limit
  • Depth of penetration
  • Finite element
  • Laminated-structure
  • Piercing projectile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigates the ballistic performance of aluminium alloy Al7075-T6 and magnesium alloy AZ31B served as the intermediate layer in triple-layered laminated panel using computational analysis. Aluminium and magnesium alloys offer a considerably potential for reducing the weight of an armoured vehicle body due to low densities and high energy absorption capabilities. The poor ballistic performance of these materials can be improved by layering with the high strength steel, Ar500. A commercial explicit finite element code was implemented to develop triple-layered panels impacted by a 7.62 mm armour piercing projectile at velocity range of 900 to 950 m/s. Two models were constructed where aluminium alloy and magnesium alloy served as intermediate layer in the first model and the second model respectively. The ballistic performance of each model in terms of ballistic limit velocity and depth of penetration was evaluated. Considering the 25{\%} existing armour vehicle weight reduction, it was found that magnesium alloy has equivalent ballistic limit to that of aluminium alloy which is at 1020 m/s. At the standard projectile velocity, aluminium stopped the projectile at 24 mm depth and magnesium stopped at 25 mm. Thus, lightweight materials can be suitable combinations for designing lighter armoured vehicle panel without neglecting its ballistic performance.",
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author = "Rahman, {N. A.} and Abdullah, {M. F.} and Shahrum Abdullah and {W. Zamri}, {Wan Fathul Hakim} and Omar, {Mohd. Zaidi} and Zainuddin Sajuri",
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