Characterisation of local bone ash for bone China production

Zainal Zakaria, Hamdzun Haron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clay body can be defined as a mixture of clay or other minerals to achieve a specific purpose in the production of ceramics. Among the types of clay that can produce white translucent ceramic products is porcelain. 'Porcelain' is derived from Italian word porselino which means 'piglet'. It is said that the name was given based on a cowry shell which is small and plump like a piglet or porselino and the shell also has shiny transparent finish like porcelain. Porcelain was produced in the 10th century during the reign of Emperor Hou Zhou Shi Zong, China. In 1748 a modification was carried out to the porcelain body by a British ceramic manufacturer Thomas Frye in Bow porcelain factory, London. The new body was known as 'fine porcelain'. He has formulated 45 % cattle bone ash in his porcelain mix to produce finer porcelain body, stronger, lower level of maturity during firing and its translucent effect was even greater. The term 'Bone China' was introduced by Josiah Spode in 1789 from Stoke after he successfully improved the formulation created by Frye. The beauty of bone china product in various forms is interesting enough for people to collect this exclusive product. However, bone china product has becoming an issue for Muslims who questions the materials used such as the permissible status of the bone used in its production. To solve this problem, a research has been carried out to identify the raw materials, the production methods and the way of detecting what type of bone used in the production of bone china.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalJurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering)
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Ashes
Porcelain
Bone
Clay
Ceramic products

Keywords

  • Bone ash
  • Bone China
  • Clay body
  • Islamic compliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Characterisation of local bone ash for bone China production. / Zakaria, Zainal; Haron, Hamdzun.

In: Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering), Vol. 66, No. 1, 2013, p. 25-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{45eb2383c5284823879cb97a2b775cb6,
title = "Characterisation of local bone ash for bone China production",
abstract = "Clay body can be defined as a mixture of clay or other minerals to achieve a specific purpose in the production of ceramics. Among the types of clay that can produce white translucent ceramic products is porcelain. 'Porcelain' is derived from Italian word porselino which means 'piglet'. It is said that the name was given based on a cowry shell which is small and plump like a piglet or porselino and the shell also has shiny transparent finish like porcelain. Porcelain was produced in the 10th century during the reign of Emperor Hou Zhou Shi Zong, China. In 1748 a modification was carried out to the porcelain body by a British ceramic manufacturer Thomas Frye in Bow porcelain factory, London. The new body was known as 'fine porcelain'. He has formulated 45 {\%} cattle bone ash in his porcelain mix to produce finer porcelain body, stronger, lower level of maturity during firing and its translucent effect was even greater. The term 'Bone China' was introduced by Josiah Spode in 1789 from Stoke after he successfully improved the formulation created by Frye. The beauty of bone china product in various forms is interesting enough for people to collect this exclusive product. However, bone china product has becoming an issue for Muslims who questions the materials used such as the permissible status of the bone used in its production. To solve this problem, a research has been carried out to identify the raw materials, the production methods and the way of detecting what type of bone used in the production of bone china.",
keywords = "Bone ash, Bone China, Clay body, Islamic compliance",
author = "Zainal Zakaria and Hamdzun Haron",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.11113/jt.v66.2157",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "25--34",
journal = "Jurnal Teknologi",
issn = "0127-9696",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterisation of local bone ash for bone China production

AU - Zakaria, Zainal

AU - Haron, Hamdzun

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Clay body can be defined as a mixture of clay or other minerals to achieve a specific purpose in the production of ceramics. Among the types of clay that can produce white translucent ceramic products is porcelain. 'Porcelain' is derived from Italian word porselino which means 'piglet'. It is said that the name was given based on a cowry shell which is small and plump like a piglet or porselino and the shell also has shiny transparent finish like porcelain. Porcelain was produced in the 10th century during the reign of Emperor Hou Zhou Shi Zong, China. In 1748 a modification was carried out to the porcelain body by a British ceramic manufacturer Thomas Frye in Bow porcelain factory, London. The new body was known as 'fine porcelain'. He has formulated 45 % cattle bone ash in his porcelain mix to produce finer porcelain body, stronger, lower level of maturity during firing and its translucent effect was even greater. The term 'Bone China' was introduced by Josiah Spode in 1789 from Stoke after he successfully improved the formulation created by Frye. The beauty of bone china product in various forms is interesting enough for people to collect this exclusive product. However, bone china product has becoming an issue for Muslims who questions the materials used such as the permissible status of the bone used in its production. To solve this problem, a research has been carried out to identify the raw materials, the production methods and the way of detecting what type of bone used in the production of bone china.

AB - Clay body can be defined as a mixture of clay or other minerals to achieve a specific purpose in the production of ceramics. Among the types of clay that can produce white translucent ceramic products is porcelain. 'Porcelain' is derived from Italian word porselino which means 'piglet'. It is said that the name was given based on a cowry shell which is small and plump like a piglet or porselino and the shell also has shiny transparent finish like porcelain. Porcelain was produced in the 10th century during the reign of Emperor Hou Zhou Shi Zong, China. In 1748 a modification was carried out to the porcelain body by a British ceramic manufacturer Thomas Frye in Bow porcelain factory, London. The new body was known as 'fine porcelain'. He has formulated 45 % cattle bone ash in his porcelain mix to produce finer porcelain body, stronger, lower level of maturity during firing and its translucent effect was even greater. The term 'Bone China' was introduced by Josiah Spode in 1789 from Stoke after he successfully improved the formulation created by Frye. The beauty of bone china product in various forms is interesting enough for people to collect this exclusive product. However, bone china product has becoming an issue for Muslims who questions the materials used such as the permissible status of the bone used in its production. To solve this problem, a research has been carried out to identify the raw materials, the production methods and the way of detecting what type of bone used in the production of bone china.

KW - Bone ash

KW - Bone China

KW - Clay body

KW - Islamic compliance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891420088&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891420088&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.11113/jt.v66.2157

DO - 10.11113/jt.v66.2157

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84891420088

VL - 66

SP - 25

EP - 34

JO - Jurnal Teknologi

JF - Jurnal Teknologi

SN - 0127-9696

IS - 1

ER -