Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the characterisation of three types of biochars which were the by-products from a gasification process of oil palm frond (OPF), palm kernel shell (PKS) and empty fruit bunch (EFB). These biochars were produced with a medium-scale downdraft gasification process with operating reactor temperature of 650-800ºC. The characterisation of these biochars in terms of proximate and ultimate analysis, energy content, surface area and adsorption capacity were carried out to assess the potential uses of the various types of biochars. The results show that the characteristics of these biochars, in terms of carbon content and calorific value are similar and in the range of 75-91% and 26-29 MJ/kg, respectively. In terms of surface area and adsorption capacity, the OPF biochar shows significantly high value of 891 m2/g and 250 cm3/g. Based on this characterisation study, the potential use of these types of biochars for fuel, and soil amendment applications is considered high. OPF biochar in particular, has a high potential in activated carbon application with its very high surface area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-54
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue numberSpec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Gasification
Adsorption
Calorific value
Fruits
Activated carbon
Byproducts
Soils
Carbon
Temperature

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Biochar
  • Fuel
  • Gasification
  • Palm wastes
  • Soil amendment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Wan Mahmood, W. M. F., Ariffin, M. A., Harun, Z., Ishak, N. A. I. M., A Ghani, J., & Ab Rahman, M. N. (2015). Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 10(Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014), 45-54.

Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes. / Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal; Ariffin, M. A.; Harun, Zambri; Ishak, N. A I Md; A Ghani, Jaharah; Ab Rahman, Mohd Nizam.

In: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014, 2015, p. 45-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wan Mahmood, WMF, Ariffin, MA, Harun, Z, Ishak, NAIM, A Ghani, J & Ab Rahman, MN 2015, 'Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes', Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 10, no. Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014, pp. 45-54.
Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal ; Ariffin, M. A. ; Harun, Zambri ; Ishak, N. A I Md ; A Ghani, Jaharah ; Ab Rahman, Mohd Nizam. / Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes. In: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014. pp. 45-54.
@article{893aa88665a647f3b2563ad30a0cbebc,
title = "Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes",
abstract = "This paper reports the characterisation of three types of biochars which were the by-products from a gasification process of oil palm frond (OPF), palm kernel shell (PKS) and empty fruit bunch (EFB). These biochars were produced with a medium-scale downdraft gasification process with operating reactor temperature of 650-800ºC. The characterisation of these biochars in terms of proximate and ultimate analysis, energy content, surface area and adsorption capacity were carried out to assess the potential uses of the various types of biochars. The results show that the characteristics of these biochars, in terms of carbon content and calorific value are similar and in the range of 75-91{\%} and 26-29 MJ/kg, respectively. In terms of surface area and adsorption capacity, the OPF biochar shows significantly high value of 891 m2/g and 250 cm3/g. Based on this characterisation study, the potential use of these types of biochars for fuel, and soil amendment applications is considered high. OPF biochar in particular, has a high potential in activated carbon application with its very high surface area.",
keywords = "Activated carbon, Biochar, Fuel, Gasification, Palm wastes, Soil amendment",
author = "{Wan Mahmood}, {Wan Mohd Faizal} and Ariffin, {M. A.} and Zambri Harun and Ishak, {N. A I Md} and {A Ghani}, Jaharah and {Ab Rahman}, {Mohd Nizam}",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "45--54",
journal = "Journal of Engineering Science and Technology",
issn = "1823-4690",
publisher = "Taylor's University College",
number = "Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterisation and potential use of biochar from gasified oil palm wastes

AU - Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal

AU - Ariffin, M. A.

AU - Harun, Zambri

AU - Ishak, N. A I Md

AU - A Ghani, Jaharah

AU - Ab Rahman, Mohd Nizam

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This paper reports the characterisation of three types of biochars which were the by-products from a gasification process of oil palm frond (OPF), palm kernel shell (PKS) and empty fruit bunch (EFB). These biochars were produced with a medium-scale downdraft gasification process with operating reactor temperature of 650-800ºC. The characterisation of these biochars in terms of proximate and ultimate analysis, energy content, surface area and adsorption capacity were carried out to assess the potential uses of the various types of biochars. The results show that the characteristics of these biochars, in terms of carbon content and calorific value are similar and in the range of 75-91% and 26-29 MJ/kg, respectively. In terms of surface area and adsorption capacity, the OPF biochar shows significantly high value of 891 m2/g and 250 cm3/g. Based on this characterisation study, the potential use of these types of biochars for fuel, and soil amendment applications is considered high. OPF biochar in particular, has a high potential in activated carbon application with its very high surface area.

AB - This paper reports the characterisation of three types of biochars which were the by-products from a gasification process of oil palm frond (OPF), palm kernel shell (PKS) and empty fruit bunch (EFB). These biochars were produced with a medium-scale downdraft gasification process with operating reactor temperature of 650-800ºC. The characterisation of these biochars in terms of proximate and ultimate analysis, energy content, surface area and adsorption capacity were carried out to assess the potential uses of the various types of biochars. The results show that the characteristics of these biochars, in terms of carbon content and calorific value are similar and in the range of 75-91% and 26-29 MJ/kg, respectively. In terms of surface area and adsorption capacity, the OPF biochar shows significantly high value of 891 m2/g and 250 cm3/g. Based on this characterisation study, the potential use of these types of biochars for fuel, and soil amendment applications is considered high. OPF biochar in particular, has a high potential in activated carbon application with its very high surface area.

KW - Activated carbon

KW - Biochar

KW - Fuel

KW - Gasification

KW - Palm wastes

KW - Soil amendment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84949636598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84949636598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84949636598

VL - 10

SP - 45

EP - 54

JO - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

JF - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

SN - 1823-4690

IS - Spec. Issue on 4th International Technical Conference (ITC) 2014

ER -