Changes in refraction and contrast sensitivity following short term orthokeratology treatment in high myopic school children: A pilot study

Bariah Mohd. Ali, Tan Bay Wah, Norhani Mohidin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is well established the efficacy of orthokeratology (OK) treatment in improving refraction and visual acuity (VA) of low myopic subjects. However, limited data is available on high myopes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of refraction, VA and contrast sensitivity (CS) over time in high myopic school children after 1 week of overnight OK treatment. A total of 19 high myopic school children were fitted with OK lenses. Mean refraction at baseline was -6.29±1.25 DS. Refraction was conducted using cross cylinder method and LogMAR chart. CS was evaluated using Pelli-Robson and FACT charts. All measurements were taken at baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 7 days after overnight OK. Data was analyzed using repeated measures of ANOVA. The results showed that refraction and CS were significantly improved throughout the study period (p<0.05). Significant changes in all parameters were noted after the first overnight treatment. Mean refraction and unaided VA after 7 nights of treatment was -0.64±1.17DS and 0.08±0.29, respectively. The results from Pelli-Robson and FACT charts showed improvement comparable to aided baseline values (p>0.05). This study concludes that overnight OK reduces refraction but does not compromise VA and CS in high myopic children within the study period. Further studies are needed to determine the long term impact of OK treatment on visual functions in a larger sample of high myopic children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-738
Number of pages6
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume43
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Contrast Sensitivity
Visual Acuity
Therapeutics
Lenses
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Orthokeratology
  • Refraction
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Changes in refraction and contrast sensitivity following short term orthokeratology treatment in high myopic school children : A pilot study. / Mohd. Ali, Bariah; Wah, Tan Bay; Mohidin, Norhani.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2014, p. 733-738.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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