Changes in nutritional, functional status and quality of life of COPD out-patients after a pulmonary rehabilitation programme in HUKM

A pilot study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an eight-week multi-disciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in improving nutritional and functional status and quality of life of COPD out patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A total of 9 COPD outpatients aged 40 years and above (6 men and 3 women) completed at least 50% of 16 sessions of an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Their nutritional and functional status and rating of quality of life were measured at baseline (0 day) and after 8 weeks and these were compared to those of the control group matched for age, comprising 13 subjects (11 men and 2 women). Nutritional status was determined using anthropometry, body composition (Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis) and three-day food record. Assessment of appetite for food was also carried out using the Simplified Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ). Functional status was assessed using the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire-modified version (PFSDQ-M). The handgrip strength was also measured using handgrip dynamometer. The SF36 questionnaire was used to measure the quality of life of the subjects. There was a reduction in dyspnea (-49.0%, p<0.05) and fatigue (-47. 8%, p<0.05) in men after the intervention programme, as compared to their controls (dyspnea -2.9% and fatigue 8.9%). Quality of life in this group was also significantly improved by 31.8% (p<0.05) as compared to their controls (-3.0%, p>0.05). Similar trends were noted for the women, although the difference was not significant. No significant changes were seen in nutritional status assessed by anthropometry, dietary intake and appetite. However, there was a trend of increased nutrient intake and SNAQ score in the intervention group as compared to control. An eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme was effective in improving the functional status particularly in men, by reducing dyspnea and fatigue; and also improving their quality of life, but was not effective in changing the nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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functional status
rehabilitation (people)
Nutritional Status
quality of life
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
nutritional status
Outpatients
Rehabilitation
lungs
Quality of Life
dyspnea
questionnaires
Lung
Dyspnea
Anthropometry
Nutrition Assessment
nutrition assessment
Appetite
appetite
anthropometric measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

@article{b115613c9d9c40a8a65df67d6ca00243,
title = "Changes in nutritional, functional status and quality of life of COPD out-patients after a pulmonary rehabilitation programme in HUKM: A pilot study",
abstract = "This quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an eight-week multi-disciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in improving nutritional and functional status and quality of life of COPD out patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A total of 9 COPD outpatients aged 40 years and above (6 men and 3 women) completed at least 50{\%} of 16 sessions of an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Their nutritional and functional status and rating of quality of life were measured at baseline (0 day) and after 8 weeks and these were compared to those of the control group matched for age, comprising 13 subjects (11 men and 2 women). Nutritional status was determined using anthropometry, body composition (Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis) and three-day food record. Assessment of appetite for food was also carried out using the Simplified Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ). Functional status was assessed using the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire-modified version (PFSDQ-M). The handgrip strength was also measured using handgrip dynamometer. The SF36 questionnaire was used to measure the quality of life of the subjects. There was a reduction in dyspnea (-49.0{\%}, p<0.05) and fatigue (-47. 8{\%}, p<0.05) in men after the intervention programme, as compared to their controls (dyspnea -2.9{\%} and fatigue 8.9{\%}). Quality of life in this group was also significantly improved by 31.8{\%} (p<0.05) as compared to their controls (-3.0{\%}, p>0.05). Similar trends were noted for the women, although the difference was not significant. No significant changes were seen in nutritional status assessed by anthropometry, dietary intake and appetite. However, there was a trend of increased nutrient intake and SNAQ score in the intervention group as compared to control. An eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme was effective in improving the functional status particularly in men, by reducing dyspnea and fatigue; and also improving their quality of life, but was not effective in changing the nutritional status.",
author = "Suzana Shahar and Yahya, {Hanis Mastura} and Tang, {S. Y.} and R. Ayiesah and {Abd. Manap}, Roslina",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "151--162",
journal = "Malaysian Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1394-035X",
publisher = "Persatuan Pemakanan Malaysia",
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T1 - Changes in nutritional, functional status and quality of life of COPD out-patients after a pulmonary rehabilitation programme in HUKM

T2 - A pilot study

AU - Shahar, Suzana

AU - Yahya, Hanis Mastura

AU - Tang, S. Y.

AU - Ayiesah, R.

AU - Abd. Manap, Roslina

PY - 2008

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N2 - This quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an eight-week multi-disciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in improving nutritional and functional status and quality of life of COPD out patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A total of 9 COPD outpatients aged 40 years and above (6 men and 3 women) completed at least 50% of 16 sessions of an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Their nutritional and functional status and rating of quality of life were measured at baseline (0 day) and after 8 weeks and these were compared to those of the control group matched for age, comprising 13 subjects (11 men and 2 women). Nutritional status was determined using anthropometry, body composition (Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis) and three-day food record. Assessment of appetite for food was also carried out using the Simplified Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ). Functional status was assessed using the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire-modified version (PFSDQ-M). The handgrip strength was also measured using handgrip dynamometer. The SF36 questionnaire was used to measure the quality of life of the subjects. There was a reduction in dyspnea (-49.0%, p<0.05) and fatigue (-47. 8%, p<0.05) in men after the intervention programme, as compared to their controls (dyspnea -2.9% and fatigue 8.9%). Quality of life in this group was also significantly improved by 31.8% (p<0.05) as compared to their controls (-3.0%, p>0.05). Similar trends were noted for the women, although the difference was not significant. No significant changes were seen in nutritional status assessed by anthropometry, dietary intake and appetite. However, there was a trend of increased nutrient intake and SNAQ score in the intervention group as compared to control. An eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme was effective in improving the functional status particularly in men, by reducing dyspnea and fatigue; and also improving their quality of life, but was not effective in changing the nutritional status.

AB - This quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an eight-week multi-disciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in improving nutritional and functional status and quality of life of COPD out patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A total of 9 COPD outpatients aged 40 years and above (6 men and 3 women) completed at least 50% of 16 sessions of an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Their nutritional and functional status and rating of quality of life were measured at baseline (0 day) and after 8 weeks and these were compared to those of the control group matched for age, comprising 13 subjects (11 men and 2 women). Nutritional status was determined using anthropometry, body composition (Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis) and three-day food record. Assessment of appetite for food was also carried out using the Simplified Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ). Functional status was assessed using the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire-modified version (PFSDQ-M). The handgrip strength was also measured using handgrip dynamometer. The SF36 questionnaire was used to measure the quality of life of the subjects. There was a reduction in dyspnea (-49.0%, p<0.05) and fatigue (-47. 8%, p<0.05) in men after the intervention programme, as compared to their controls (dyspnea -2.9% and fatigue 8.9%). Quality of life in this group was also significantly improved by 31.8% (p<0.05) as compared to their controls (-3.0%, p>0.05). Similar trends were noted for the women, although the difference was not significant. No significant changes were seen in nutritional status assessed by anthropometry, dietary intake and appetite. However, there was a trend of increased nutrient intake and SNAQ score in the intervention group as compared to control. An eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme was effective in improving the functional status particularly in men, by reducing dyspnea and fatigue; and also improving their quality of life, but was not effective in changing the nutritional status.

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