Challenges in predicting risks of premature coronary artery disease (PCAD)

Muhammad Faizan A. Shukor, Noor Akmal Shareela Ismail, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) predominantly manifests in older population above the age of 60 years old. The incidence of CAD in younger individuals has been reported and is called premature CAD (pCAD). The prevalence for pCAD in individuals below 45 years old is about 3-10% worldwide. Advances in risk prediction are of great importance as absolute values of risk factors sometimes correlate poorly with individuals. The measurement of traditional risk factors such as cholesterol level and blood pressure might be inadequate to predict risk for pCAD and therefore new biomarkers are required. The introduction of omics technology offers insight into the mechanism and interactions involved during disease progression and open the possibilities of discovering new biomarkers. Currently, new potential biomarkers for pCAD have been explored such as homocysteine, apolipoproteins, microRNAs and single nucleotide polymorphisms. In this review, we discussed the associated risk factors for pCAD, several reported and newly proposed biomarkers and their potential to be used clinically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2543-2556
Number of pages14
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Coronary Artery Disease
Biomarkers
Apolipoproteins
Homocysteine
MicroRNAs
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Disease Progression
Cholesterol
Blood Pressure
Technology
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Biomarker
  • Premature coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Challenges in predicting risks of premature coronary artery disease (PCAD). / Shukor, Muhammad Faizan A.; Ismail, Noor Akmal Shareela; Wan Ngah, Wan Zurinah.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 2543-2556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shukor, Muhammad Faizan A. ; Ismail, Noor Akmal Shareela ; Wan Ngah, Wan Zurinah. / Challenges in predicting risks of premature coronary artery disease (PCAD). In: Sains Malaysiana. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 10. pp. 2543-2556.
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