Challenges and trends in membrane technology implementation for produced water treatment: A review

Salem Alzahrani, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review provides insight into the implementation of membrane technology in the petroleum industry for treating produced water that is generated from conventional oilfields in upstream and downstream processes. The ever-evolving and increasingly stringent regulatory standards for discharging produced water pose colossal environmental and economic implications because the bulk of this produced water is disposed into the environment. Thus, a review of the implementation of membrane technology for produced water treatment could contribute to the knowledge required for the increased introduction of scaled-up membrane technology in the petroleum industry. This review encompasses the capabilities and performance optimization possibilities of microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis membranes. The level of applications that these membrane technologies might attain within the petroleum industry were determined, and these implementations were correlated with the purpose, performance efficiency, treatment system configurations, necessary pretreatment procedures, quality of treated produced water, fouling occurrence and control, foulants, cleaning procedures, raw produced water content, potential challenges with corresponding applied solutions, and economic factors. This review also maps current and future trends and provides a perspective on the outlook for advances in novel membrane applications for produced water treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-133
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Volume4
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Membrane technology
Water Purification
Water treatment
water treatment
membrane
Technology
Membranes
Petroleum industry
Water
Economics
Osmosis
water
Ultrafiltration
Osmosis membranes
Nanofiltration
Microfiltration
ultrafiltration
economics
fouling
Reverse osmosis

Keywords

  • Membrane application
  • Membrane fabrication
  • Membrane fouling
  • Produced water
  • Wastewater reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Challenges and trends in membrane technology implementation for produced water treatment : A review. / Alzahrani, Salem; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab.

In: Journal of Water Process Engineering, Vol. 4, No. C, 2014, p. 107-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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