Challenges and prospects of bio-hydrogen production for PEMFC application

A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

As a result of global climate change and energy crisis issues, hydrogen-based fuel cell technology has become a promising candidate as an electrochemical device to generate electricity. Meanwhile, the fermentation process of organic biomass, that is, agricultural residues, agro-industrial wastes, and organic municipal waste, is a promising technology for producing renewable biohydrogen instead of conventional technology, such as gasification using hydrocarbon. However, several issues should be considered in the application of fuel cell using biohydrogen in terms of the technical fermentation processes and the purification systems of gases. In this study, we review and discuss a range of challenges in biohydrogen technologies for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application, focusing on the effects of impurities in hydrogen fuel on fuel cell performance and the selection of membrane gas separation technology, including the design, technique, and material of the purification unit. Prospects for integrating the biohydrogen fermenter, purification unit, and PEMFC into one system are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9960-9969
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume11
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Hydrogen production
Purification
Fuel cells
Fermentation
Fermenters
Agricultural wastes
Hydrogen fuels
Industrial wastes
Gases
Gasification
Climate change
Biomass
Electricity
Hydrocarbons
Impurities
Membranes
Hydrogen

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Fuel cell
  • Hydrogen
  • Membrane
  • PEMFC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "As a result of global climate change and energy crisis issues, hydrogen-based fuel cell technology has become a promising candidate as an electrochemical device to generate electricity. Meanwhile, the fermentation process of organic biomass, that is, agricultural residues, agro-industrial wastes, and organic municipal waste, is a promising technology for producing renewable biohydrogen instead of conventional technology, such as gasification using hydrocarbon. However, several issues should be considered in the application of fuel cell using biohydrogen in terms of the technical fermentation processes and the purification systems of gases. In this study, we review and discuss a range of challenges in biohydrogen technologies for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application, focusing on the effects of impurities in hydrogen fuel on fuel cell performance and the selection of membrane gas separation technology, including the design, technique, and material of the purification unit. Prospects for integrating the biohydrogen fermenter, purification unit, and PEMFC into one system are also discussed.",
keywords = "Biohydrogen, Fuel cell, Hydrogen, Membrane, PEMFC",
author = "Yusuf, {N. Y.} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and {Wan Nor Roslam}, {Wan Isahak} and Darman Nordin and Teuku Husaini",
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T1 - Challenges and prospects of bio-hydrogen production for PEMFC application

T2 - A review

AU - Yusuf, N. Y.

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak

AU - Nordin, Darman

AU - Husaini, Teuku

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - As a result of global climate change and energy crisis issues, hydrogen-based fuel cell technology has become a promising candidate as an electrochemical device to generate electricity. Meanwhile, the fermentation process of organic biomass, that is, agricultural residues, agro-industrial wastes, and organic municipal waste, is a promising technology for producing renewable biohydrogen instead of conventional technology, such as gasification using hydrocarbon. However, several issues should be considered in the application of fuel cell using biohydrogen in terms of the technical fermentation processes and the purification systems of gases. In this study, we review and discuss a range of challenges in biohydrogen technologies for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application, focusing on the effects of impurities in hydrogen fuel on fuel cell performance and the selection of membrane gas separation technology, including the design, technique, and material of the purification unit. Prospects for integrating the biohydrogen fermenter, purification unit, and PEMFC into one system are also discussed.

AB - As a result of global climate change and energy crisis issues, hydrogen-based fuel cell technology has become a promising candidate as an electrochemical device to generate electricity. Meanwhile, the fermentation process of organic biomass, that is, agricultural residues, agro-industrial wastes, and organic municipal waste, is a promising technology for producing renewable biohydrogen instead of conventional technology, such as gasification using hydrocarbon. However, several issues should be considered in the application of fuel cell using biohydrogen in terms of the technical fermentation processes and the purification systems of gases. In this study, we review and discuss a range of challenges in biohydrogen technologies for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application, focusing on the effects of impurities in hydrogen fuel on fuel cell performance and the selection of membrane gas separation technology, including the design, technique, and material of the purification unit. Prospects for integrating the biohydrogen fermenter, purification unit, and PEMFC into one system are also discussed.

KW - Biohydrogen

KW - Fuel cell

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Membrane

KW - PEMFC

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