Cerapan mikroskopi dan analisis sitometri Streptococcus mutans yang ditindakkan dengan ekstrak batang Melastoma malabathricum L

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Streptococcus mutans is the earliest bacteria that forms dental caries in humans. This study determines the effect of acetone extract from Melastoma malabathricum stem against S. mutans by microscopic observation and absorption of fluorescence dye. The extraction of M. malabathricum stem using acetone yielded 0.5 g of acetone extract. Anti-bacterial activity determined by disk diffusion assay showed that stem extract at the 30 mg/mL inhibit bacterial growth with inhibition zone diameter of 15 mm. The effect of the extract towards S. mutans by microscopic observation was done by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electronic Microscope (TEM). Result from microscopic observation showed that the M. malabathricum extract damaged the cell’s shape by rupturing the surface and the wall, causing the cytoplasm to leak. The assay using propidium iodide (PI) as the fluorescence dye showed that it was absorbed into the observed cell through flow cytometry analysis. The absorption of propidium iodide in treated cell confirmed the possibility of disturbance in the permeability of the cell membrane’s structure. From the microscopic observation and cytometry analysis, it can be concluded that acetone extract of M. malabathricum act as anti-bacteria agent that cause damage to the cell wall and disturb the permeability of the membrane structure.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Applied Biology
Volume43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Cytometry analysis
  • Microscopic observation
  • Streptococcus mutans and melastoma malabathricum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{3dee5a0e0c0142a1ad26cd09d3a3d0f5,
title = "Cerapan mikroskopi dan analisis sitometri Streptococcus mutans yang ditindakkan dengan ekstrak batang Melastoma malabathricum L",
abstract = "Streptococcus mutans is the earliest bacteria that forms dental caries in humans. This study determines the effect of acetone extract from Melastoma malabathricum stem against S. mutans by microscopic observation and absorption of fluorescence dye. The extraction of M. malabathricum stem using acetone yielded 0.5 g of acetone extract. Anti-bacterial activity determined by disk diffusion assay showed that stem extract at the 30 mg/mL inhibit bacterial growth with inhibition zone diameter of 15 mm. The effect of the extract towards S. mutans by microscopic observation was done by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electronic Microscope (TEM). Result from microscopic observation showed that the M. malabathricum extract damaged the cell’s shape by rupturing the surface and the wall, causing the cytoplasm to leak. The assay using propidium iodide (PI) as the fluorescence dye showed that it was absorbed into the observed cell through flow cytometry analysis. The absorption of propidium iodide in treated cell confirmed the possibility of disturbance in the permeability of the cell membrane’s structure. From the microscopic observation and cytometry analysis, it can be concluded that acetone extract of M. malabathricum act as anti-bacteria agent that cause damage to the cell wall and disturb the permeability of the membrane structure.",
keywords = "Cytometry analysis, Microscopic observation, Streptococcus mutans and melastoma malabathricum",
author = "Rohazila, {M. H.} and Nazlina Ibrahim and {Wan Ahmad}, {Wan Yaacob}",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
volume = "43",
pages = "41--48",
journal = "Malaysian Applied Biology",
issn = "0126-8643",
publisher = "Malaysian Society of Applied Biology",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cerapan mikroskopi dan analisis sitometri Streptococcus mutans yang ditindakkan dengan ekstrak batang Melastoma malabathricum L

AU - Rohazila, M. H.

AU - Ibrahim, Nazlina

AU - Wan Ahmad, Wan Yaacob

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - Streptococcus mutans is the earliest bacteria that forms dental caries in humans. This study determines the effect of acetone extract from Melastoma malabathricum stem against S. mutans by microscopic observation and absorption of fluorescence dye. The extraction of M. malabathricum stem using acetone yielded 0.5 g of acetone extract. Anti-bacterial activity determined by disk diffusion assay showed that stem extract at the 30 mg/mL inhibit bacterial growth with inhibition zone diameter of 15 mm. The effect of the extract towards S. mutans by microscopic observation was done by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electronic Microscope (TEM). Result from microscopic observation showed that the M. malabathricum extract damaged the cell’s shape by rupturing the surface and the wall, causing the cytoplasm to leak. The assay using propidium iodide (PI) as the fluorescence dye showed that it was absorbed into the observed cell through flow cytometry analysis. The absorption of propidium iodide in treated cell confirmed the possibility of disturbance in the permeability of the cell membrane’s structure. From the microscopic observation and cytometry analysis, it can be concluded that acetone extract of M. malabathricum act as anti-bacteria agent that cause damage to the cell wall and disturb the permeability of the membrane structure.

AB - Streptococcus mutans is the earliest bacteria that forms dental caries in humans. This study determines the effect of acetone extract from Melastoma malabathricum stem against S. mutans by microscopic observation and absorption of fluorescence dye. The extraction of M. malabathricum stem using acetone yielded 0.5 g of acetone extract. Anti-bacterial activity determined by disk diffusion assay showed that stem extract at the 30 mg/mL inhibit bacterial growth with inhibition zone diameter of 15 mm. The effect of the extract towards S. mutans by microscopic observation was done by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electronic Microscope (TEM). Result from microscopic observation showed that the M. malabathricum extract damaged the cell’s shape by rupturing the surface and the wall, causing the cytoplasm to leak. The assay using propidium iodide (PI) as the fluorescence dye showed that it was absorbed into the observed cell through flow cytometry analysis. The absorption of propidium iodide in treated cell confirmed the possibility of disturbance in the permeability of the cell membrane’s structure. From the microscopic observation and cytometry analysis, it can be concluded that acetone extract of M. malabathricum act as anti-bacteria agent that cause damage to the cell wall and disturb the permeability of the membrane structure.

KW - Cytometry analysis

KW - Microscopic observation

KW - Streptococcus mutans and melastoma malabathricum

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84920946342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84920946342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 41

EP - 48

JO - Malaysian Applied Biology

JF - Malaysian Applied Biology

SN - 0126-8643

IS - 2

ER -