Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment

Mohd Razali Shamsuddin, Ibrahim Abdullah, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membranes from composite materials have been used especially in water treatment applications. In this paper the composite membranes of celluloses filled ENR/PVC were successfully prepared for POME treatment application. The preparation of the membrane involves solution blending, casting, phase inversion and drying methods. Two types of fillers, cellulose (Cell) and cellulose grafting polymethyl methacrylate (Cell-g-PMMA) were added into ENR/PVC matrix in various compositions (1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt%) to determine the effect of the filler to the performance of the membrane. The membranes were characterized by using FTIR and SEM. Membrane properties in terms of porosity and water flux were examined using mathematical calculation. FTIR spectrum shows the existence of stretching vibration from the functional group of ester carbonyl,-C=O at peak 1725 cm-1 that belongs to Cell-g-PMMA filler in ENR/PVC/Cell-g-PMMA membrane which makes the membranes slightly hydrophobic. SEM micrographs exhibit that pores were formed on both ENR/PVC/Cell and ENR/PVC/Cell-g-PMMA membranes. Water flux test indicates that ENR/PVC/Cell-20% was the highest because the addition of Cell increases the hydrophilicity of the membrane. In POME treatment, ENR/PVC/Cell-20% and ENR/PVC/Cell-g-PMMA-10% showed the highest decolorization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages897-903
Number of pages7
Volume1571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 3 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period3/7/134/7/13

Fingerprint

effluents
cellulose
oils
membranes
fillers
porosity
scanning electron microscopy
composite materials
water treatment
polymethyl methacrylate
water
drying
esters
inversions
vibration

Keywords

  • Composite membrane
  • Phase inversion
  • POME treatment
  • Solution blending
  • Water permeation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Shamsuddin, M. R., Abdullah, I., & Othaman, R. (2013). Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1571, pp. 897-903) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858768

Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. / Shamsuddin, Mohd Razali; Abdullah, Ibrahim; Othaman, Rizafizah.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. p. 897-903.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Shamsuddin, MR, Abdullah, I & Othaman, R 2013, Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1571, pp. 897-903, 2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 3/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858768
Shamsuddin MR, Abdullah I, Othaman R. Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571. 2013. p. 897-903 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858768
Shamsuddin, Mohd Razali ; Abdullah, Ibrahim ; Othaman, Rizafizah. / Celluloses filled ENR/PVC membranes for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. pp. 897-903
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