Penyebab masalah penglihatan di kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah di daerah sitiawan, Perak, Malaysia

Translated title of the contribution: Causes of visual impairment among Pre-School children sitiawan district, Perak, Malaysia

Duratul Ain Hussin, Rokiah Omar, Victor Feizal Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visual impairment can seriouly impact on a child's social and mental development. Therefore, early detection is important to ensure a better prognosis for them. The purpose of this study was to identify the cause of visual impairment among preschool children. 479 kindergarten children aged4-6 ±0.69years old (mean=5.3years) in Sitiawan, Perak, Malaysia were randomly selected. They underwent visual acuity test, cover test, Hirschberg test, ocular external assessment and ophthalmoscopy. Children who failed the vision screening were referred for further assessment. 52% of the children were boys and the rest were girls. Malays represented the largest group (59.9%), followed by Chinese (30.1%), Indian (9.6%) and others (0.4%). Of those 43 children who failed the vision screening, 32 were confirmed having visual problem (6.7% of the total subjects). The main cause of visual impairment in this study population was refractive error (4.8% of the total subjects) followed by amblyopia (1.0%), strabismus (1.0%) and ocular abnormalities (0.8%). Hence, preschool vision screening is very important and needs to be conducted as it can detect various visual problems at an early stage in preschool children.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)959-964
Number of pages6
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Vision Disorders
Vision Screening
Preschool Children
Eye Abnormalities
Ophthalmoscopy
Amblyopia
Refractive Errors
Strabismus
Visual Acuity
Population

Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Preschool vision screening
  • Refractive error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Penyebab masalah penglihatan di kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah di daerah sitiawan, Perak, Malaysia. / Hussin, Duratul Ain; Omar, Rokiah; Knight, Victor Feizal.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 38, No. 6, 10.2009, p. 959-964.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hussin, Duratul Ain ; Omar, Rokiah ; Knight, Victor Feizal. / Penyebab masalah penglihatan di kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah di daerah sitiawan, Perak, Malaysia. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2009 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 959-964.
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