Cardiorespiratory fitness is positively associated with a healthy dietary pattern in New Zealand adolescents

Anna S. Howe, Paula M L Skidmore, Winsome R. Parnell, Jyh Eiin Wong, Alexandra C. Lubransky, Katherine E. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns in adolescents. Design: Food choice was assessed using the validated New Zealand Adolescent FFQ. Principal components analysis was used to determine dietary patterns. Trained research assistants measured participants’ height and body mass. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed in a subset of participants using the multistage 20 m shuttle run. The level and stage were recorded, and the corresponding VO<inf>2max</inf> was calculated. Differences in mean VO<inf>2max</inf> according to sex and BMI were assessed using t tests, while associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns were examined using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, school attended, socio-economic deprivation and BMI. Setting: Secondary schools in Otago, New Zealand. Subjects: Students (n 279) aged 14–18 years who completed an online lifestyle survey during a class period. Results: Principal components analysis produced three dietary patterns: ‘Treat Foods’, ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ and ‘Basic Foods’. The 279 participants who provided questionnaire data and completed cardiorespiratory fitness testing had a mean age of 15·7 (sd 0·9) years. Mean VO<inf>2max</inf> was 45·8 (sd 6·9) ml/kg per min. The ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ pattern was positively associated with VO<inf>2max</inf> in the total sample (β=0·04; 95 %CI 0·02, 0·07), girls (β=0·06; 95 % CI 0·03, 0·10) and boys (β=0·03; 95 % CI 0·01, 0·05). Conclusions: These results indicate that increase in cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with a healthier dietary pattern, suggesting both should be targeted as part of a global lifestyle approach. Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this association in relation to health outcomes in New Zealand adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 8 Sep 2015

Fingerprint

New Zealand
Principal Component Analysis
Food
Vegetables
Life Style
Fruit
Body Height
Exercise Test
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Economics
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Students
Health
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • 20 m shuttle run
  • Adolescents
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Dietary patterns
  • New Zealand
  • Principal components analysis
  • VO<inf>2max</inf>

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Cardiorespiratory fitness is positively associated with a healthy dietary pattern in New Zealand adolescents. / Howe, Anna S.; Skidmore, Paula M L; Parnell, Winsome R.; Wong, Jyh Eiin; Lubransky, Alexandra C.; Black, Katherine E.

In: Public Health Nutrition, 08.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Howe, Anna S. ; Skidmore, Paula M L ; Parnell, Winsome R. ; Wong, Jyh Eiin ; Lubransky, Alexandra C. ; Black, Katherine E. / Cardiorespiratory fitness is positively associated with a healthy dietary pattern in New Zealand adolescents. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2015.
@article{9afc48ee1f5d4021b34524fc9927eb3e,
title = "Cardiorespiratory fitness is positively associated with a healthy dietary pattern in New Zealand adolescents",
abstract = "Objective: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns in adolescents. Design: Food choice was assessed using the validated New Zealand Adolescent FFQ. Principal components analysis was used to determine dietary patterns. Trained research assistants measured participants’ height and body mass. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed in a subset of participants using the multistage 20 m shuttle run. The level and stage were recorded, and the corresponding VO2max was calculated. Differences in mean VO2max according to sex and BMI were assessed using t tests, while associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns were examined using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, school attended, socio-economic deprivation and BMI. Setting: Secondary schools in Otago, New Zealand. Subjects: Students (n 279) aged 14–18 years who completed an online lifestyle survey during a class period. Results: Principal components analysis produced three dietary patterns: ‘Treat Foods’, ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ and ‘Basic Foods’. The 279 participants who provided questionnaire data and completed cardiorespiratory fitness testing had a mean age of 15·7 (sd 0·9) years. Mean VO2max was 45·8 (sd 6·9) ml/kg per min. The ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ pattern was positively associated with VO2max in the total sample (β=0·04; 95 {\%}CI 0·02, 0·07), girls (β=0·06; 95 {\%} CI 0·03, 0·10) and boys (β=0·03; 95 {\%} CI 0·01, 0·05). Conclusions: These results indicate that increase in cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with a healthier dietary pattern, suggesting both should be targeted as part of a global lifestyle approach. Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this association in relation to health outcomes in New Zealand adolescents.",
keywords = "20 m shuttle run, Adolescents, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Dietary patterns, New Zealand, Principal components analysis, VO<inf>2max</inf>",
author = "Howe, {Anna S.} and Skidmore, {Paula M L} and Parnell, {Winsome R.} and Wong, {Jyh Eiin} and Lubransky, {Alexandra C.} and Black, {Katherine E.}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980015002566",
language = "English",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiorespiratory fitness is positively associated with a healthy dietary pattern in New Zealand adolescents

AU - Howe, Anna S.

AU - Skidmore, Paula M L

AU - Parnell, Winsome R.

AU - Wong, Jyh Eiin

AU - Lubransky, Alexandra C.

AU - Black, Katherine E.

PY - 2015/9/8

Y1 - 2015/9/8

N2 - Objective: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns in adolescents. Design: Food choice was assessed using the validated New Zealand Adolescent FFQ. Principal components analysis was used to determine dietary patterns. Trained research assistants measured participants’ height and body mass. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed in a subset of participants using the multistage 20 m shuttle run. The level and stage were recorded, and the corresponding VO2max was calculated. Differences in mean VO2max according to sex and BMI were assessed using t tests, while associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns were examined using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, school attended, socio-economic deprivation and BMI. Setting: Secondary schools in Otago, New Zealand. Subjects: Students (n 279) aged 14–18 years who completed an online lifestyle survey during a class period. Results: Principal components analysis produced three dietary patterns: ‘Treat Foods’, ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ and ‘Basic Foods’. The 279 participants who provided questionnaire data and completed cardiorespiratory fitness testing had a mean age of 15·7 (sd 0·9) years. Mean VO2max was 45·8 (sd 6·9) ml/kg per min. The ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ pattern was positively associated with VO2max in the total sample (β=0·04; 95 %CI 0·02, 0·07), girls (β=0·06; 95 % CI 0·03, 0·10) and boys (β=0·03; 95 % CI 0·01, 0·05). Conclusions: These results indicate that increase in cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with a healthier dietary pattern, suggesting both should be targeted as part of a global lifestyle approach. Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this association in relation to health outcomes in New Zealand adolescents.

AB - Objective: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns in adolescents. Design: Food choice was assessed using the validated New Zealand Adolescent FFQ. Principal components analysis was used to determine dietary patterns. Trained research assistants measured participants’ height and body mass. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed in a subset of participants using the multistage 20 m shuttle run. The level and stage were recorded, and the corresponding VO2max was calculated. Differences in mean VO2max according to sex and BMI were assessed using t tests, while associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and dietary patterns were examined using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, school attended, socio-economic deprivation and BMI. Setting: Secondary schools in Otago, New Zealand. Subjects: Students (n 279) aged 14–18 years who completed an online lifestyle survey during a class period. Results: Principal components analysis produced three dietary patterns: ‘Treat Foods’, ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ and ‘Basic Foods’. The 279 participants who provided questionnaire data and completed cardiorespiratory fitness testing had a mean age of 15·7 (sd 0·9) years. Mean VO2max was 45·8 (sd 6·9) ml/kg per min. The ‘Fruits and Vegetables’ pattern was positively associated with VO2max in the total sample (β=0·04; 95 %CI 0·02, 0·07), girls (β=0·06; 95 % CI 0·03, 0·10) and boys (β=0·03; 95 % CI 0·01, 0·05). Conclusions: These results indicate that increase in cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with a healthier dietary pattern, suggesting both should be targeted as part of a global lifestyle approach. Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this association in relation to health outcomes in New Zealand adolescents.

KW - 20 m shuttle run

KW - Adolescents

KW - Cardiorespiratory fitness

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - New Zealand

KW - Principal components analysis

KW - VO<inf>2max</inf>

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940931824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940931824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980015002566

DO - 10.1017/S1368980015002566

M3 - Article

C2 - 26347042

AN - SCOPUS:84940931824

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

ER -