Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch

Mohamad Deraman, Siti Khatijah Siti, Maria M. Ishak, Awitdrus, Erman Taer, Ibrahim Talib, Ramli Omar, Mohammad Hafizuddin Jumali

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano composites green pellets (GPs) were prepared from the mixtures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at varying percentage (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%) and self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. These GPs were carbonized and CO2 activated to produce activated carbon/CNTs composites in the form of pellets (ACPs). It was found that the density (ρ) and electrical conductivity (σ) of the ACPs varied nonlinearly with CNTs content; as for the CNTs content of 3-5%, we observed the peak values of ρ and σ at 1.3781gcm-3 and 3.4146(cm) -1 respectively. The presence of the agglomerated and individual particles of CNTs in the pores of the ACPs was clearly shown by the micrograph of the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The nitrogen adsorption isotherm data showed the decrease in surface area, volume and diameter of pores due to the effect of CNTs. The effect of CNTs on the electrochemical behavior of the ACPs were investigated from the supercapacitor cells fabricated using the ACPs as composite electrodes. It was found that the specific capacitance, energy density and power density of the supercapacitor with electrodes containing 10% CNTs were lower than that with electrodes without CNTs. This result is consistent with the change of pores characteristic due to the presence of CNTs in the ACPs, suggesting the need to optimize the pore characteristic for improving the supercapacitor performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages179-186
Number of pages8
Volume1284
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event3rd Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium 2010, NNSB2010 - Bandung
Duration: 16 Jun 201016 Jun 2010

Other

Other3rd Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium 2010, NNSB2010
CityBandung
Period16/6/1016/6/10

Fingerprint

fruits
pellets
adhesives
oils
carbon nanotubes
composite materials
fibers
carbon
electrochemical capacitors
porosity
electrodes
activated carbon
radiant flux density
field emission
isotherms
flux density
electron microscopes
capacitance
nitrogen
electrical resistivity

Keywords

  • ACPs
  • CNTs
  • Electrical Conductivity
  • Electrochemical Behavior
  • Microstructure
  • Porosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Deraman, M., Siti, S. K., Ishak, M. M., Awitdrus, Taer, E., Talib, I., ... Jumali, M. H. (2010). Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1284, pp. 179-186) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3515546

Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. / Deraman, Mohamad; Siti, Siti Khatijah; Ishak, Maria M.; Awitdrus; Taer, Erman; Talib, Ibrahim; Omar, Ramli; Jumali, Mohammad Hafizuddin.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1284 2010. p. 179-186.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Deraman, M, Siti, SK, Ishak, MM, Awitdrus, Taer, E, Talib, I, Omar, R & Jumali, MH 2010, Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1284, pp. 179-186, 3rd Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium 2010, NNSB2010, Bandung, 16/6/10. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3515546
Deraman M, Siti SK, Ishak MM, Awitdrus, Taer E, Talib I et al. Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1284. 2010. p. 179-186 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3515546
Deraman, Mohamad ; Siti, Siti Khatijah ; Ishak, Maria M. ; Awitdrus ; Taer, Erman ; Talib, Ibrahim ; Omar, Ramli ; Jumali, Mohammad Hafizuddin. / Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1284 2010. pp. 179-186
@inproceedings{8089d60772c44112b825d3372f6660cb,
title = "Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch",
abstract = "Nano composites green pellets (GPs) were prepared from the mixtures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at varying percentage (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10{\%}) and self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. These GPs were carbonized and CO2 activated to produce activated carbon/CNTs composites in the form of pellets (ACPs). It was found that the density (ρ) and electrical conductivity (σ) of the ACPs varied nonlinearly with CNTs content; as for the CNTs content of 3-5{\%}, we observed the peak values of ρ and σ at 1.3781gcm-3 and 3.4146(cm) -1 respectively. The presence of the agglomerated and individual particles of CNTs in the pores of the ACPs was clearly shown by the micrograph of the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The nitrogen adsorption isotherm data showed the decrease in surface area, volume and diameter of pores due to the effect of CNTs. The effect of CNTs on the electrochemical behavior of the ACPs were investigated from the supercapacitor cells fabricated using the ACPs as composite electrodes. It was found that the specific capacitance, energy density and power density of the supercapacitor with electrodes containing 10{\%} CNTs were lower than that with electrodes without CNTs. This result is consistent with the change of pores characteristic due to the presence of CNTs in the ACPs, suggesting the need to optimize the pore characteristic for improving the supercapacitor performance.",
keywords = "ACPs, CNTs, Electrical Conductivity, Electrochemical Behavior, Microstructure, Porosity",
author = "Mohamad Deraman and Siti, {Siti Khatijah} and Ishak, {Maria M.} and Awitdrus and Erman Taer and Ibrahim Talib and Ramli Omar and Jumali, {Mohammad Hafizuddin}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1063/1.3515546",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780735408388",
volume = "1284",
pages = "179--186",
booktitle = "AIP Conference Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Carbon/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites from green pellets contain CNTs and self-adhesive carbon grains from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch

AU - Deraman, Mohamad

AU - Siti, Siti Khatijah

AU - Ishak, Maria M.

AU - Awitdrus,

AU - Taer, Erman

AU - Talib, Ibrahim

AU - Omar, Ramli

AU - Jumali, Mohammad Hafizuddin

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Nano composites green pellets (GPs) were prepared from the mixtures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at varying percentage (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%) and self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. These GPs were carbonized and CO2 activated to produce activated carbon/CNTs composites in the form of pellets (ACPs). It was found that the density (ρ) and electrical conductivity (σ) of the ACPs varied nonlinearly with CNTs content; as for the CNTs content of 3-5%, we observed the peak values of ρ and σ at 1.3781gcm-3 and 3.4146(cm) -1 respectively. The presence of the agglomerated and individual particles of CNTs in the pores of the ACPs was clearly shown by the micrograph of the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The nitrogen adsorption isotherm data showed the decrease in surface area, volume and diameter of pores due to the effect of CNTs. The effect of CNTs on the electrochemical behavior of the ACPs were investigated from the supercapacitor cells fabricated using the ACPs as composite electrodes. It was found that the specific capacitance, energy density and power density of the supercapacitor with electrodes containing 10% CNTs were lower than that with electrodes without CNTs. This result is consistent with the change of pores characteristic due to the presence of CNTs in the ACPs, suggesting the need to optimize the pore characteristic for improving the supercapacitor performance.

AB - Nano composites green pellets (GPs) were prepared from the mixtures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at varying percentage (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%) and self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunch. These GPs were carbonized and CO2 activated to produce activated carbon/CNTs composites in the form of pellets (ACPs). It was found that the density (ρ) and electrical conductivity (σ) of the ACPs varied nonlinearly with CNTs content; as for the CNTs content of 3-5%, we observed the peak values of ρ and σ at 1.3781gcm-3 and 3.4146(cm) -1 respectively. The presence of the agglomerated and individual particles of CNTs in the pores of the ACPs was clearly shown by the micrograph of the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The nitrogen adsorption isotherm data showed the decrease in surface area, volume and diameter of pores due to the effect of CNTs. The effect of CNTs on the electrochemical behavior of the ACPs were investigated from the supercapacitor cells fabricated using the ACPs as composite electrodes. It was found that the specific capacitance, energy density and power density of the supercapacitor with electrodes containing 10% CNTs were lower than that with electrodes without CNTs. This result is consistent with the change of pores characteristic due to the presence of CNTs in the ACPs, suggesting the need to optimize the pore characteristic for improving the supercapacitor performance.

KW - ACPs

KW - CNTs

KW - Electrical Conductivity

KW - Electrochemical Behavior

KW - Microstructure

KW - Porosity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951905740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79951905740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.3515546

DO - 10.1063/1.3515546

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:79951905740

SN - 9780735408388

VL - 1284

SP - 179

EP - 186

BT - AIP Conference Proceedings

ER -