Carbon and non-carbon support materials for platinum-based catalysts in fuel cells

Shuaiba Samad, Kee Shyuan Loh, Wai Yin Wong, Tian Khoon Lee, Jaka Sunarso, Seng Tong Chong, Wan Ramli Wan Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon and other platinum-supporting materials have been studied as electrode catalyst component of low-temperature fuel cells. Platinum (Pt) is commonly used as the catalyst due to its high electro-catalytic activity. Current research is now focusing on using either modified carbon-based or non-carbon-based materials as catalyst supports to enhance the catalytic performance of Pt. In recent years, Pt and Pt-alloy catalysts supported on modified carbon-based and non-carbon-based materials have received remarkable interests due to their significant properties that can contribute to the excellent fuel cell performance. Thus, it is timely to review this topic, focusing on various modified carbon-based supports and their advantages, limitations and future prospects. Non-carbon-based support for Pt and Pt-alloy catalysts will also be discussed. Firstly, this review summarises the progress to date in the development of these catalyst support materials; from carbon black to the widely explored catalyst support, graphene. Secondly, a comparison and discussion of each catalyst support in terms of morphology, electro-catalytic activity, structural characteristics, and its fuel cell performance are emphasized. All the catalyst support materials reviewed are considered to be promising, high-potential candidates that may find commercial value as catalyst support materials for fuel cells. Finally, a brief discussion on cost relating Pt based catalyst for mass production is included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7823-7854
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Catalyst supports
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Platinum
platinum
catalysts
Catalysts
Carbon
carbon
Platinum alloys
platinum alloys
Catalyst activity
catalytic activity
Carbon black
Graphene
Electrodes
graphene
costs
Costs
electrodes

Keywords

  • Carbon based
  • Catalyst support
  • Fuel cells
  • Non-carbon based
  • Platinum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Carbon and non-carbon support materials for platinum-based catalysts in fuel cells. / Samad, Shuaiba; Loh, Kee Shyuan; Wong, Wai Yin; Lee, Tian Khoon; Sunarso, Jaka; Chong, Seng Tong; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 43, No. 16, 19.04.2018, p. 7823-7854.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Samad, Shuaiba ; Loh, Kee Shyuan ; Wong, Wai Yin ; Lee, Tian Khoon ; Sunarso, Jaka ; Chong, Seng Tong ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli. / Carbon and non-carbon support materials for platinum-based catalysts in fuel cells. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2018 ; Vol. 43, No. 16. pp. 7823-7854.
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