Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas

Khomah Ismail, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, Y. H. Taufiq-Yap, Aishah Ahmad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gasification of dry palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB), by using a temperature-programmed instrument was performed to determine the amount of synthesis gas produced. Dry and finely crushed EFB was pre-mixed with calcium oxide. Temperature-programmed gasification (TPG) was done at temperature from 50°C - 550°C and also from 50°C - 700°C using 5% oxygen in He. Both experiments were held for 1hr at the final temperature. The products were monitored using an online mass spectrometer. Major products detected from this reaction were H2, CO, CO2 and CH4. The effect of calcium oxide amount (CaO: EFB ratio) was also investigated. A very significant increase of H2 and CO was observed when nano-sized calcium oxide was used as catalyst compared to bulk one. Reaction at 700°C using nano-sized CaO reduces the production of carbon dioxide during gasification. The characteristics of the catalyst used were analyzed by using XRD and XPS show some significant changes from CaO to CaCO3.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages178-183
Number of pages6
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventInternational Conference on X-ray and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, IXCRI 2010 - Langkawi Island
Duration: 9 Jun 201010 Jun 2010

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume173
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

OtherInternational Conference on X-ray and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, IXCRI 2010
CityLangkawi Island
Period9/6/1010/6/10

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Fruits
Gasification
Lime
Catalysts
Temperature
Synthesis gas
Mass spectrometers
Carbon dioxide
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Oxygen
Experiments

Keywords

  • Calcium oxide
  • Empty fruit bunch
  • Gasification
  • Syngas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ismail, K., Yarmo, M. A., Taufiq-Yap, Y. H., & Ahmad, A. (2011). Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 173, pp. 178-183). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 173). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.173.178

Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas. / Ismail, Khomah; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar; Taufiq-Yap, Y. H.; Ahmad, Aishah.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 173 2011. p. 178-183 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 173).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ismail, K, Yarmo, MA, Taufiq-Yap, YH & Ahmad, A 2011, Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 173, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 173, pp. 178-183, International Conference on X-ray and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, IXCRI 2010, Langkawi Island, 9/6/10. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.173.178
Ismail K, Yarmo MA, Taufiq-Yap YH, Ahmad A. Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 173. 2011. p. 178-183. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.173.178
Ismail, Khomah ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar ; Taufiq-Yap, Y. H. ; Ahmad, Aishah. / Calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 173 2011. pp. 178-183 (Advanced Materials Research).
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