Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound as a determinant of bone health status: What properties of bone does it reflect?

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Abstract

Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has emerged as a convenient and popular screening tool for osteoporosis. This review aimed to provide basic information on the principle of QUS measurement and discuss the properties of bone reflected by QUS indices. QUS employed high frequency sound waves generated by the device to determine bone health status in humans. In vitro studies showed that QUS indices were significantly associated with bone mineral density (BMD), bone microarchitecture and mechanical parameters. In humans, QUS indices were found to be associated with BMD as well. In addition, QUS could discriminate subjects with and without fracture history and predict risk for future fracture. In conclusion, QUS is able to reflect bone quality and should be used in the screening of osteoporosis, especially in developing countries where dual-X-ray absorptiometry devices are less accessible to the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1778-1783
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2013

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Health Status
Bone and Bones
Bone Density
Osteoporosis
Radio Waves
Equipment and Supplies
Photon Absorptiometry
Developing Countries
Population

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Bone mineral density
  • Calcaneus
  • Quantitative ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound as a determinant of bone health status: What properties of bone does it reflect?",
abstract = "Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has emerged as a convenient and popular screening tool for osteoporosis. This review aimed to provide basic information on the principle of QUS measurement and discuss the properties of bone reflected by QUS indices. QUS employed high frequency sound waves generated by the device to determine bone health status in humans. In vitro studies showed that QUS indices were significantly associated with bone mineral density (BMD), bone microarchitecture and mechanical parameters. In humans, QUS indices were found to be associated with BMD as well. In addition, QUS could discriminate subjects with and without fracture history and predict risk for future fracture. In conclusion, QUS is able to reflect bone quality and should be used in the screening of osteoporosis, especially in developing countries where dual-X-ray absorptiometry devices are less accessible to the general population.",
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