Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood

Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Chamhuri Siwar, Rozita Hod, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Idayu Badilla Idris, Izzah Syazwani Ahmad, Nor Diana Mohd Idris, Nurul Ashikin Alias, Mohd. Raihan Taha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

River flood exposes the population to multiple attacks from the physical, mental, health risks and its related negative effects. This study focused on the Pahang River and the three worst-hit district population (Pekan, Kuantan and Temerloh). Tools on areas of self-perceived health symptoms, QOL, depression, PTSD and community empowerment were assessed. Semi-guided questionnaires were distributed to a total of 602 victims. Questions on health symptoms were asked to respondents (R) and household members (HM). PTSD screening, i.e., the Trauma Screening Questionnaire, was used. Depression was assessed through the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). WHOQOL-BREF assessed four domains of QOL, i.e., physical activity, psychological, social relationships and environment. Community empowerment using the Individual Community Related Empowerment tool to assess five domains, i.e., self-efficacy, participation, motivation, intention and critical awareness. Prevalent disease showed that majority suffered from hypertension (11.0%) and diabetes (7.3%). Two main symptoms experienced were cough (R = 47.2%, HM = 43.7%) and flu (R = 42.7%, HM = 40.4). Monthly health expenditure was higher post flood. Purchase of prescription medications rose from MYR24.40 to 31.02. A total of 33 people were suspected to suffer from PTSD. Through BDI assessment, it was estimated that as many as 104 (17.3%) suffered overt (high) depression. The prevalence of QOL domains are as such: low physical activity was highest at 59%, low psychological activity at 53.3%, low social relationships at 43% and low environment at 45.2%. On community empowerment, low empowerment was seen on four domains: self-efficacy at 52%, participation at 55%, motivation at 54.2% and critical awareness at 74.4%. The domain with good intention and willing to participate was at 54%. Results indicate that the community was not adaptable to flood events. This is evident from high amount of experienced symptoms, low QOL (physical and psychological aspects) and empowerment (except intention). Proportion of PTSD and overt (high) depression was however quite low.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunity, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Pages19-36
Number of pages18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Publication series

NameCommunity, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
Volume20
ISSN (Print)2040-7262
ISSN (Electronic)2040-7270

Fingerprint

empowerment
Coastal zones
Health
coast
physical activity
Screening
Rivers
health expenditure
hypertension
diabetes
mental health
Health risks
Medical problems
river
health risk
health
Power (Psychology)
household

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Empowerment
  • Flood
  • Health symptoms
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Wan Puteh, S. E., Siwar, C., Hod, R., Mohammed Nawi, A., Idris, I. B., Ahmad, I. S., ... Taha, M. R. (2018). Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood. In Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management (pp. 19-36). (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management; Vol. 20). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-726220180000020011

Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood. / Wan Puteh, Sharifa Ezat; Siwar, Chamhuri; Hod, Rozita; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati; Idris, Idayu Badilla; Ahmad, Izzah Syazwani; Idris, Nor Diana Mohd; Alias, Nurul Ashikin; Taha, Mohd. Raihan.

Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2018. p. 19-36 (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management; Vol. 20).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Wan Puteh, SE, Siwar, C, Hod, R, Mohammed Nawi, A, Idris, IB, Ahmad, IS, Idris, NDM, Alias, NA & Taha, MR 2018, Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood. in Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management. Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, vol. 20, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., pp. 19-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-726220180000020011
Wan Puteh SE, Siwar C, Hod R, Mohammed Nawi A, Idris IB, Ahmad IS et al. Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood. In Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. 2018. p. 19-36. (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management). https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-726220180000020011
Wan Puteh, Sharifa Ezat ; Siwar, Chamhuri ; Hod, Rozita ; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati ; Idris, Idayu Badilla ; Ahmad, Izzah Syazwani ; Idris, Nor Diana Mohd ; Alias, Nurul Ashikin ; Taha, Mohd. Raihan. / Burden of health-related issues and community empowerment in malaysia’s east coast flood. Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2018. pp. 19-36 (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management).
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