Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid

Nur Liyana Aleng, Norfifah Bachok, Norihan Md Arifin, Anuar Mohd Ishak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The problem of laminar fluid flow which results from the shrinking of a flat surface in a water-based copper (Cu) nanofluid is considered in this study. The model used for the nanofluid incorporates the effect of the nanoparticles volume fraction. The governing partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations by similarity transformations. The transformed equations are solved numerically by using a shooting method. Results for the skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt number, velocity profiles and temperature profiles are presented for different values of the governing parameters. The analysis reveals the conditions for the existence of the steady boundary layer flow due to shrinking of the sheet and it is found that when the mass suction parameter exceeds a certain critical value, steady flow is possible. Dual solutions for the velocity and temperature distributions are obtained. With increasing values of the nanoparticles volume fraction, the skin friction and the heat transfer coefficient increase.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages22-28
Number of pages7
Volume1602
ISBN (Print)9780735412361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event3rd International Conference on Mathematical Sciences, ICMS 2013 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 17 Dec 201319 Dec 2013

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Mathematical Sciences, ICMS 2013
CityKuala Lumpur
Period17/12/1319/12/13

Fingerprint

skin friction
boundary layer flow
velocity distribution
heat transfer
copper
nanoparticles
steady flow
suction
Nusselt number
heat transfer coefficients
partial differential equations
temperature profiles
coefficient of friction
water
fluid flow
flat surfaces
temperature distribution
differential equations
profiles

Keywords

  • Boundary layer
  • Dual solutions
  • Heat transfer
  • Nanofluid
  • Shrinking sheet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Aleng, N. L., Bachok, N., Arifin, N. M., & Mohd Ishak, A. (2014). Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1602, pp. 22-28). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4882461

Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid. / Aleng, Nur Liyana; Bachok, Norfifah; Arifin, Norihan Md; Mohd Ishak, Anuar.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1602 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 22-28.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aleng, NL, Bachok, N, Arifin, NM & Mohd Ishak, A 2014, Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1602, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 22-28, 3rd International Conference on Mathematical Sciences, ICMS 2013, Kuala Lumpur, 17/12/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4882461
Aleng NL, Bachok N, Arifin NM, Mohd Ishak A. Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1602. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 22-28 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4882461
Aleng, Nur Liyana ; Bachok, Norfifah ; Arifin, Norihan Md ; Mohd Ishak, Anuar. / Boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a copper-water nanofluid. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1602 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 22-28
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