Bone health status and lipid profile among post-menopausal Malay women in cheras, Kuala Lumpur

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Abstract

Introduction: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine bone health status and nutrient intakes among post-menopausal women residing in low cost houses in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Methods: A total of125 subjects aged 60 ± 4 years who had attained menopause at age 50 ± 5 years participated in this study. Subjects' weight and height were measured and calculated for body mass index (BMI). They were also assessed for bone health status using the Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS). Nutrient intakewas assessed using a dietary history Questionnaire. Fasting serum lipid and blood pressure measurements were also taken. Results: The majority of the subjects were overweight and obese (80%) based on BMI status. Calcaneal measurements using the QUS indicated that while 57% or the subjects hadnormal bone mineral density, 37% were osteopenic and 6% osteoporotic. Calcium intake of the subjectswas 505 ± 263mg /day, which is only 50% of the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intake for calcium (1000 mg/d). About 74% of the subjects were hypercholesterolemic and 58% were hypertriglyceridemic.Two-thirds reported that they were taking medication for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and heartdisease. Conclusion: The results showed low health and nutritional status among post-menopausal women living in low-cost flats in Kuala Lumpur. They have low bone mass which may be due to their predominantly non-milk based diets which places them at high risk ofhip fractures. Apart from milk, other food sources of calcium, including soya bean products such as 'tempeh' and healthy ways of cooking should be recommended to older people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

menopause
health status
Health Status
bones
Lipids
calcium
Bone and Bones
nutrient intake
Food
body mass index
lipids
Calcium
tempeh
medicated feeds
diet history
soybean products
Body Mass Index
bone density
diabetes mellitus
Soy Foods

Keywords

  • Bone health
  • Lipid profile
  • Malay
  • Osteoporosis
  • Post-menopausal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

Bone health status and lipid profile among post-menopausal Malay women in cheras, Kuala Lumpur. / Haron, Hasnah; Amin, I.; Shahar, Suzana.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2012, p. 161-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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