Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia: a population baseline study

Aryati Ahmad, Nurzaime Zulaily, Nor Saidah Abdul Manan, Mohd Razif Shahril, Sharifah Wajihah Wafa Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Rahmah Mohd Amin, Engku Fadzli Hasan Syed Abdullah, Amran Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Body weight is highly associated with overall health status. Being severely thin or obese may impose the risk of many health problems. Early detection of body mass index (BMI) status may help to reduce the associated comorbidities. Although many studies in the literature have investigated the BMI of school adolescents in Malaysia, the data on status of body weight among school adolescents in suburban states like Terengganu is limited. This study aimed to describe the body weight status of the whole population of school adolescents in all seven districts in Terengganu, Malaysia. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, body weight and height were measured, and BMI was calculated and classified using WHO BMI-for-age Z-score. Data was obtained using the National Fitness Standard (SEGAK) assessment, which was uploaded in a specific Health Monitoring System (HEMS). Results: From a total of 62,567 school adolescents, 50.7% were boys and 49.3% were girls. Girls had significantly higher BMI than boys in age groups of 13 to 15 and 16 to 17 years old. Among boys and girls, there were significant differences in mean BMI of school adolescents between rural and urban school locations in all age groups (p < 0.001). There were also significant differences in BMI between boys and girls in all districts in Terengganu, except Kemaman and Kuala Terengganu, for all age groups (p < 0.001). Overall, the prevalence of thinness, normal, overweight and obesity were 8.4, 64.6, 15.0 and 12.0%, respectively. There were significant differences between BMI categories and genders in total participants, and within rural and urban school locations (p < 0.05). In all districts except Marang and Dungun, significant difference was also found between BMI categories and genders. Conclusion: The prevalence of thinness, overweight and obesity in Terengganu were substantial. In this study, BMI category was associated with gender, age, school location and district. However, the actual effects of these factors on the prevalence of thinness and obesity among this population demand further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Population
Thinness
Age Groups
Obesity
Body Height
Health
Health Status
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Body weight status
  • Malaysia
  • School adolescents
  • Terengganu

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Ahmad, A., Zulaily, N., Abdul Manan, N. S., Shahril, M. R., Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, S. W. W., Mohd Amin, R., ... Ahmed, A. (2017). Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia: a population baseline study. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3911-2

Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia : a population baseline study. / Ahmad, Aryati; Zulaily, Nurzaime; Abdul Manan, Nor Saidah; Shahril, Mohd Razif; Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Sharifah Wajihah Wafa; Mohd Amin, Rahmah; Syed Abdullah, Engku Fadzli Hasan; Ahmed, Amran.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 17, No. 1, 05.01.2017, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahmad, A, Zulaily, N, Abdul Manan, NS, Shahril, MR, Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, SWW, Mohd Amin, R, Syed Abdullah, EFH & Ahmed, A 2017, 'Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia: a population baseline study', BMC Public Health, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3911-2
Ahmad A, Zulaily N, Abdul Manan NS, Shahril MR, Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa SWW, Mohd Amin R et al. Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia: a population baseline study. BMC Public Health. 2017 Jan 5;17(1):1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3911-2
Ahmad, Aryati ; Zulaily, Nurzaime ; Abdul Manan, Nor Saidah ; Shahril, Mohd Razif ; Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Sharifah Wajihah Wafa ; Mohd Amin, Rahmah ; Syed Abdullah, Engku Fadzli Hasan ; Ahmed, Amran. / Body weight status of school adolescents in Terengganu, Malaysia : a population baseline study. In: BMC Public Health. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 1-12.
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