Body weight perception and weight control behaviors among school adolescents in Pulau Pinang

Nur Hanisah Othman, Razalee Sedek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the associations between body mass index (BMI), body weight perception and body shape among male and female adolescents. Besides, the aim of this study was to identify the differences in weight control behaviours between male and female adolescents. This cross- sectional study involved 194 subjects (98 males and 96 females) who were randomly selected from two secondary schools in Pulau Pinang. Subjects involved, were in the range of 16 and 17 years old. Information on socio-demographic, body image perception, body shape and weight control behaviors were obtained through questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements of body weight and height were also taken. Based on BMI categories (WHO, 2007), the results showed that 12.9% of the study subjects were classified as underweight, 55.2% normal weight, 17.5% overweight and 14.4% obese. The study found that the actual weight (BMI) of subjects were significantly associated to the body weight perception in overall and also for both sexes (p<0.05). There was a significant association between the selection of the current body shape and ideal body shape for both sexes (p<0.05). BSQ scores also showed a significant association with actual weight (BMI) for both sexes (p<0.05). This study showed that there was a significant association between males and females (p<0.05) based only on 2 out of 12 items of healthy weight control behaviors used in food diet and increasing physical activity. While for the 3 out of 9 items of unhealthy weight control behaviors used in skipping meals, starting the use of tobaccos and fasting, the study showed that there was a significant association between the sexes (p<0.05). Therefore, by understanding the reasons for gender differences in the actual weight and weight perceptions, it could assist health professionals in helping a person to make a strategic decision to control body weight thus could help avoid the risk of eating disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-767
Number of pages8
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume13
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Weight Perception
Behavior Control
weight control
anthropometric measurements
Body Weight
body mass index
Weights and Measures
body weight
Body Mass Index
gender
tobacco use
body image
underweight
eating disorders
health care workers
meals (menu)
cross-sectional studies
gender differences
physical activity
fasting

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Body weight perception
  • Eating disorders
  • Weight control behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Body weight perception and weight control behaviors among school adolescents in Pulau Pinang. / Othman, Nur Hanisah; Sedek, Razalee.

In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2014, p. 760-767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5b8be8949983471e82f600e81aede875,
title = "Body weight perception and weight control behaviors among school adolescents in Pulau Pinang",
abstract = "This study was conducted to determine the associations between body mass index (BMI), body weight perception and body shape among male and female adolescents. Besides, the aim of this study was to identify the differences in weight control behaviours between male and female adolescents. This cross- sectional study involved 194 subjects (98 males and 96 females) who were randomly selected from two secondary schools in Pulau Pinang. Subjects involved, were in the range of 16 and 17 years old. Information on socio-demographic, body image perception, body shape and weight control behaviors were obtained through questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements of body weight and height were also taken. Based on BMI categories (WHO, 2007), the results showed that 12.9{\%} of the study subjects were classified as underweight, 55.2{\%} normal weight, 17.5{\%} overweight and 14.4{\%} obese. The study found that the actual weight (BMI) of subjects were significantly associated to the body weight perception in overall and also for both sexes (p<0.05). There was a significant association between the selection of the current body shape and ideal body shape for both sexes (p<0.05). BSQ scores also showed a significant association with actual weight (BMI) for both sexes (p<0.05). This study showed that there was a significant association between males and females (p<0.05) based only on 2 out of 12 items of healthy weight control behaviors used in food diet and increasing physical activity. While for the 3 out of 9 items of unhealthy weight control behaviors used in skipping meals, starting the use of tobaccos and fasting, the study showed that there was a significant association between the sexes (p<0.05). Therefore, by understanding the reasons for gender differences in the actual weight and weight perceptions, it could assist health professionals in helping a person to make a strategic decision to control body weight thus could help avoid the risk of eating disorders.",
keywords = "Body mass index, Body weight perception, Eating disorders, Weight control behaviors",
author = "Othman, {Nur Hanisah} and Razalee Sedek",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "760--767",
journal = "Pakistan Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1680-5194",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body weight perception and weight control behaviors among school adolescents in Pulau Pinang

AU - Othman, Nur Hanisah

AU - Sedek, Razalee

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study was conducted to determine the associations between body mass index (BMI), body weight perception and body shape among male and female adolescents. Besides, the aim of this study was to identify the differences in weight control behaviours between male and female adolescents. This cross- sectional study involved 194 subjects (98 males and 96 females) who were randomly selected from two secondary schools in Pulau Pinang. Subjects involved, were in the range of 16 and 17 years old. Information on socio-demographic, body image perception, body shape and weight control behaviors were obtained through questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements of body weight and height were also taken. Based on BMI categories (WHO, 2007), the results showed that 12.9% of the study subjects were classified as underweight, 55.2% normal weight, 17.5% overweight and 14.4% obese. The study found that the actual weight (BMI) of subjects were significantly associated to the body weight perception in overall and also for both sexes (p<0.05). There was a significant association between the selection of the current body shape and ideal body shape for both sexes (p<0.05). BSQ scores also showed a significant association with actual weight (BMI) for both sexes (p<0.05). This study showed that there was a significant association between males and females (p<0.05) based only on 2 out of 12 items of healthy weight control behaviors used in food diet and increasing physical activity. While for the 3 out of 9 items of unhealthy weight control behaviors used in skipping meals, starting the use of tobaccos and fasting, the study showed that there was a significant association between the sexes (p<0.05). Therefore, by understanding the reasons for gender differences in the actual weight and weight perceptions, it could assist health professionals in helping a person to make a strategic decision to control body weight thus could help avoid the risk of eating disorders.

AB - This study was conducted to determine the associations between body mass index (BMI), body weight perception and body shape among male and female adolescents. Besides, the aim of this study was to identify the differences in weight control behaviours between male and female adolescents. This cross- sectional study involved 194 subjects (98 males and 96 females) who were randomly selected from two secondary schools in Pulau Pinang. Subjects involved, were in the range of 16 and 17 years old. Information on socio-demographic, body image perception, body shape and weight control behaviors were obtained through questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements of body weight and height were also taken. Based on BMI categories (WHO, 2007), the results showed that 12.9% of the study subjects were classified as underweight, 55.2% normal weight, 17.5% overweight and 14.4% obese. The study found that the actual weight (BMI) of subjects were significantly associated to the body weight perception in overall and also for both sexes (p<0.05). There was a significant association between the selection of the current body shape and ideal body shape for both sexes (p<0.05). BSQ scores also showed a significant association with actual weight (BMI) for both sexes (p<0.05). This study showed that there was a significant association between males and females (p<0.05) based only on 2 out of 12 items of healthy weight control behaviors used in food diet and increasing physical activity. While for the 3 out of 9 items of unhealthy weight control behaviors used in skipping meals, starting the use of tobaccos and fasting, the study showed that there was a significant association between the sexes (p<0.05). Therefore, by understanding the reasons for gender differences in the actual weight and weight perceptions, it could assist health professionals in helping a person to make a strategic decision to control body weight thus could help avoid the risk of eating disorders.

KW - Body mass index

KW - Body weight perception

KW - Eating disorders

KW - Weight control behaviors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84920548318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84920548318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84920548318

VL - 13

SP - 760

EP - 767

JO - Pakistan Journal of Nutrition

JF - Pakistan Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1680-5194

IS - 12

ER -