Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls

Naghmeh Zahra Mirhosseini, Suzana Shahar, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Noor Aini Mohd Yusoff, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The relationships between body fat distribution, lipid profile and blood pressure, have not been studied extensively in young population. This study was designed to evaluate the association between measures of adiposity and established cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent girls. Methods: A total of 477 adolescent girls aged 15 to 18 years were recruited from Mashhad high schools. Socio-demographic characteristics were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Anthropometric assessments, blood pressure measurement and biochemical assessment were performed. Total and regional fat mass were determined by bio-impedance analysis. Cardiovascular disease risk factors were assessed in relation to body fat measures with adjustment for confounder factors including age and family socioeconomic status. Findings: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 14.6% and 3.4% respectively; 16% of study population had greater fat mass compared to its ideal distribution. The majority of cardiovascular risk factors, especially systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride concentration, CRP and fasting blood sugar were significantly higher in group with a high body fat when compared to those with normal and low values. All anthropometric indices showed significant correlation with fat mass, fat free mass, total and regional body fat percent (P<0.001). After adjustment for age and family socioeconomic status, a high fat mass especially, truncal fat, was positively associated with triglyceride and blood pressure. Conclusion: Adiposity, especially truncal adiposity, which can be assessed by simple measures such as Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference (WC) may predispose adolescent girls for demonstration of metabolic abnormalities and consequently cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalIranian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume22
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Body Fat Distribution
Fats
Blood Pressure
Adiposity
Adipose Tissue
Social Class
Triglycerides
Cardiovascular Diseases
Body Weights and Measures
Age Factors
Waist Circumference
Electric Impedance
Population
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Reference Values
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Demography
Lipids

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Girls
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Obesity
  • Trunk fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Mirhosseini, N. Z., Shahar, S., Ghayour-Mobarhan, M., Parizadeh, M. R., Mohd Yusoff, N. A., & Shakeri, M. T. (2012). Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, 22(2), 197-204.

Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls. / Mirhosseini, Naghmeh Zahra; Shahar, Suzana; Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid; Parizadeh, Mohammad Reza; Mohd Yusoff, Noor Aini; Shakeri, Mohammad Taghi.

In: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 2, 06.2012, p. 197-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mirhosseini, NZ, Shahar, S, Ghayour-Mobarhan, M, Parizadeh, MR, Mohd Yusoff, NA & Shakeri, MT 2012, 'Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls', Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 197-204.
Mirhosseini NZ, Shahar S, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Parizadeh MR, Mohd Yusoff NA, Shakeri MT. Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2012 Jun;22(2):197-204.
Mirhosseini, Naghmeh Zahra ; Shahar, Suzana ; Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid ; Parizadeh, Mohammad Reza ; Mohd Yusoff, Noor Aini ; Shakeri, Mohammad Taghi. / Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls. In: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 197-204.
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