Bladder filling variation during conformal radiotherapy for rectal cancer

S. Sithamparam, Rozilawati Ahmad, Akmal Sabarudin, Z. Othman, M. Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conformal radiotherapy for rectal cancer is associated with small bowel toxicity mainly diarrhea. Treating patients with a full bladder is one of the practical solutions to reduce small bowel toxicity. Previous studies on prostate and cervix cancer patients revealed that maintaining consistent bladder volume throughout radiotherapy treatment is challenging. The aim of this study was to measure bladder volume variation throughout radiotherapy treatment. This study also measured the association between bladder volume changes and diarrhea. Twenty two rectal cancer patients were recruited prospectively. Patients were planned for treatment with full bladder following departmental bladder filling protocol and the planning bladder volume was measured during CT-simulation. During radiotherapy, the bladder volume was measured weekly using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and compared to planning bladder volume. Incidence and severity of diarrhea were recorded during the weekly patient review. There was a negative time trend for bladder volume throughout five weeks treatment. The mean bladder volume decreased 18 % from 123 mL (SD 54 mL) during CT-simulation to 101 mL (SD 71 mL) on the 5th week of radiotherapy, but the decrease is not statistically significant. However, there was a large variation of bladder volume within each patient during treatment. This study showed an association between changes of bladder volume and diarrhea (P = 0.045). In conclusion bladder volume reduced throughout radiotherapy treatment for conformal radiotherapy for rectal cancer and there was a large variation of bladder volume within patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012026
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume851
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

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bladder
radiation therapy
cancer
toxicity
planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Bladder filling variation during conformal radiotherapy for rectal cancer. / Sithamparam, S.; Ahmad, Rozilawati; Sabarudin, Akmal; Othman, Z.; Ismail, M.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 851, No. 1, 012026, 31.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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