Black smoke elimination via PID controlled co-firing technique at palm oil mill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Burning of only biomass fuel in a boiler furnace causes uncontrollable black smoke emission into the atmosphere especially during high-power demand in which case, rapid addition of biomass fuel is required. Black smoke discharge can be annihilated by using gaseous fuel through co-firing technique. Adding different type of fuel to the primary fuel as another method of fuel mixing is known as co-firing technique. The objective of the present work is to evaluate a co-firing technique of biomass (palm fibre and palm kernel shell) with PID controllers controlling the biogas input into the boiler. Co-firing techniques consist of direct, indirect and parallel co-firing. Among the three techniques, direct co-firing is chosen to be used because it’s the simplest and inexpensive in implementation. The performance obtained from the use of each controller was analysed. Drum pressure results are presented. Based on the result for each controller, P controller was the most suitable controller to be used for the application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8050-8056
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume12
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Smoke
Controllers
Biomass
Boilers
Biogas
Furnaces
Fibers

Keywords

  • Biogas
  • Biomass
  • Co-firing
  • PID controllers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Black smoke elimination via PID controlled co-firing technique at palm oil mill",
abstract = "Burning of only biomass fuel in a boiler furnace causes uncontrollable black smoke emission into the atmosphere especially during high-power demand in which case, rapid addition of biomass fuel is required. Black smoke discharge can be annihilated by using gaseous fuel through co-firing technique. Adding different type of fuel to the primary fuel as another method of fuel mixing is known as co-firing technique. The objective of the present work is to evaluate a co-firing technique of biomass (palm fibre and palm kernel shell) with PID controllers controlling the biogas input into the boiler. Co-firing techniques consist of direct, indirect and parallel co-firing. Among the three techniques, direct co-firing is chosen to be used because it’s the simplest and inexpensive in implementation. The performance obtained from the use of each controller was analysed. Drum pressure results are presented. Based on the result for each controller, P controller was the most suitable controller to be used for the application.",
keywords = "Biogas, Biomass, Co-firing, PID controllers",
author = "Abdullah, {Noor Atikah} and Ramizi Mohamed and {Wan Mahmood}, {Wan Mohd Faizal} and {Md Saad}, {Mohamad Hanif}",
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AU - Abdullah, Noor Atikah

AU - Mohamed, Ramizi

AU - Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal

AU - Md Saad, Mohamad Hanif

PY - 2017/1/1

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N2 - Burning of only biomass fuel in a boiler furnace causes uncontrollable black smoke emission into the atmosphere especially during high-power demand in which case, rapid addition of biomass fuel is required. Black smoke discharge can be annihilated by using gaseous fuel through co-firing technique. Adding different type of fuel to the primary fuel as another method of fuel mixing is known as co-firing technique. The objective of the present work is to evaluate a co-firing technique of biomass (palm fibre and palm kernel shell) with PID controllers controlling the biogas input into the boiler. Co-firing techniques consist of direct, indirect and parallel co-firing. Among the three techniques, direct co-firing is chosen to be used because it’s the simplest and inexpensive in implementation. The performance obtained from the use of each controller was analysed. Drum pressure results are presented. Based on the result for each controller, P controller was the most suitable controller to be used for the application.

AB - Burning of only biomass fuel in a boiler furnace causes uncontrollable black smoke emission into the atmosphere especially during high-power demand in which case, rapid addition of biomass fuel is required. Black smoke discharge can be annihilated by using gaseous fuel through co-firing technique. Adding different type of fuel to the primary fuel as another method of fuel mixing is known as co-firing technique. The objective of the present work is to evaluate a co-firing technique of biomass (palm fibre and palm kernel shell) with PID controllers controlling the biogas input into the boiler. Co-firing techniques consist of direct, indirect and parallel co-firing. Among the three techniques, direct co-firing is chosen to be used because it’s the simplest and inexpensive in implementation. The performance obtained from the use of each controller was analysed. Drum pressure results are presented. Based on the result for each controller, P controller was the most suitable controller to be used for the application.

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KW - Biomass

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