BIRDS-1 CubeSat Constellation Using Compact UHF Patch Antenna

Md Samsuzzaman, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, Salehin Kibria, Mengu Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BIRDS-1 satellites, a constellation of five identical 1U CubeSats, were designed, manufactured, assembled, integrated, and tested at LASINE Laboratory, Kyutech, Japan. Students from five nations (Japan, Ghana, Mongolia, Nigeria, and Bangladesh) collaborated to develop a number of CubeSats with coordinated ground coverage, named 'Joint Global Multi-Nation BIRDS,' or abbreviated as 'BIRDS.' To establish the downlink communication between satellite and Earth, an UHF patch antenna was utilized. Patch antennas offer an ideal solution to Cube satellite communication requirements due to their compact dimension and lightweight. However, the limited surface area available in CubeSats, conventional UHF and VHF patch antennas cannot be used. In this paper, a compact coaxial fed UHF (437.375 MHz) patch antenna system for 1U BIRDS-1 CubeSat (small satellite) is presented. The proposed antenna consists of a spiral meander line patch at the top side and partial ground plane another side of the substrate. A shorting pin has also been utilized to change the resonance to the required UHF band. For the intended 1U BIRDS-1 application, the goal is to mount on satellite body within a limited area of 1U BIRDS-1 satellite. The proposed antenna dimension ( 0.105λ × 0.047λ × 0.002 λ at 437.375 MHz) and characteristics are compatible with any CubeSat standard structure. A prototype of the antenna was developed with a 1.57-mm-thick single layer Roger's substrate having a relative permittivity of 2.2, and measured results are consistent with simulation. The proposed UHF antenna has integrated and tested with 1U BIRDS-1 satellite. Finally, the satellite was successfully launched on June 3, 2017, from the John F. Kennedy Space Center, the USA at Low Earth Orbit for earth observations, message relay, space environment, and technology demonstration through the International Space Station.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8468156
Pages (from-to)54282-54294
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Microstrip antennas
Satellites
Antennas
Earth (planet)
Communication satellites
Antenna feeders
Substrates
Space stations
Orbits
Permittivity
Demonstrations
Students

Keywords

  • a small satellite
  • BIRDS
  • compact planar antenna
  • CubeSat
  • UHF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

BIRDS-1 CubeSat Constellation Using Compact UHF Patch Antenna. / Samsuzzaman, Md; Islam, Mohammad Tariqul; Kibria, Salehin; Cho, Mengu.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 6, 8468156, 01.01.2018, p. 54282-54294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Samsuzzaman, Md ; Islam, Mohammad Tariqul ; Kibria, Salehin ; Cho, Mengu. / BIRDS-1 CubeSat Constellation Using Compact UHF Patch Antenna. In: IEEE Access. 2018 ; Vol. 6. pp. 54282-54294.
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