Biplanar Measurement of Thoracolumbar Curvature in Older Adults Using an Electromagnetic Tracking Device

Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Martin Bailey, Raymond Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Objectives: To develop a new biplanar method of thoracolumbar curvature measurement by using an electromagnetic tracking device and to study the effects of aging on the thoracolumbar curvature. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Human movement laboratory. Participants: Healthy (N=52, 26 younger and 26 older) volunteers. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: An electromagnetic tracking device was used to trace the thoracolumbar curvature by recording the positions of the spinous processes of the spine. The coordinates of the curvature were fitted with polynomial equations, and the magnitudes of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lateral thoracic and lumbar curves were determined. Results: The present technique was shown to be highly reliable in measuring thoracolumbar curvature with an intraclass correlation coefficient of more than .90. The mean thoracic kyphosis (-46.95°±11.41°) in the older adults was significantly larger than that in the younger adults (-38.82°±9.86°) (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences in lumbar lordosis and lateral curvatures between the 2 subject groups. Conclusions: The present study provided evidence of an increase in thoracic kyphosis in older adults. The method of measurement presented in this study was found to provide reliable biplanar data that will be useful in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Electromagnetic Phenomena
Kyphosis
Thorax
Equipment and Supplies
Lordosis
Young Adult
Volunteers
Healthy Volunteers
Spine
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Biplanar Measurement of Thoracolumbar Curvature in Older Adults Using an Electromagnetic Tracking Device. / Ajit Singh, Devinder Kaur; Bailey, Martin; Lee, Raymond.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 91, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 137-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3c85de9120744f218d12af34bc6b1bd0,
title = "Biplanar Measurement of Thoracolumbar Curvature in Older Adults Using an Electromagnetic Tracking Device",
abstract = "Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Objectives: To develop a new biplanar method of thoracolumbar curvature measurement by using an electromagnetic tracking device and to study the effects of aging on the thoracolumbar curvature. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Human movement laboratory. Participants: Healthy (N=52, 26 younger and 26 older) volunteers. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: An electromagnetic tracking device was used to trace the thoracolumbar curvature by recording the positions of the spinous processes of the spine. The coordinates of the curvature were fitted with polynomial equations, and the magnitudes of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lateral thoracic and lumbar curves were determined. Results: The present technique was shown to be highly reliable in measuring thoracolumbar curvature with an intraclass correlation coefficient of more than .90. The mean thoracic kyphosis (-46.95°±11.41°) in the older adults was significantly larger than that in the younger adults (-38.82°±9.86°) (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences in lumbar lordosis and lateral curvatures between the 2 subject groups. Conclusions: The present study provided evidence of an increase in thoracic kyphosis in older adults. The method of measurement presented in this study was found to provide reliable biplanar data that will be useful in a clinical setting.",
keywords = "Aging, Rehabilitation",
author = "{Ajit Singh}, {Devinder Kaur} and Martin Bailey and Raymond Lee",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2009.08.145",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "137--142",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biplanar Measurement of Thoracolumbar Curvature in Older Adults Using an Electromagnetic Tracking Device

AU - Ajit Singh, Devinder Kaur

AU - Bailey, Martin

AU - Lee, Raymond

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Objectives: To develop a new biplanar method of thoracolumbar curvature measurement by using an electromagnetic tracking device and to study the effects of aging on the thoracolumbar curvature. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Human movement laboratory. Participants: Healthy (N=52, 26 younger and 26 older) volunteers. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: An electromagnetic tracking device was used to trace the thoracolumbar curvature by recording the positions of the spinous processes of the spine. The coordinates of the curvature were fitted with polynomial equations, and the magnitudes of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lateral thoracic and lumbar curves were determined. Results: The present technique was shown to be highly reliable in measuring thoracolumbar curvature with an intraclass correlation coefficient of more than .90. The mean thoracic kyphosis (-46.95°±11.41°) in the older adults was significantly larger than that in the younger adults (-38.82°±9.86°) (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences in lumbar lordosis and lateral curvatures between the 2 subject groups. Conclusions: The present study provided evidence of an increase in thoracic kyphosis in older adults. The method of measurement presented in this study was found to provide reliable biplanar data that will be useful in a clinical setting.

AB - Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Objectives: To develop a new biplanar method of thoracolumbar curvature measurement by using an electromagnetic tracking device and to study the effects of aging on the thoracolumbar curvature. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Human movement laboratory. Participants: Healthy (N=52, 26 younger and 26 older) volunteers. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: An electromagnetic tracking device was used to trace the thoracolumbar curvature by recording the positions of the spinous processes of the spine. The coordinates of the curvature were fitted with polynomial equations, and the magnitudes of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lateral thoracic and lumbar curves were determined. Results: The present technique was shown to be highly reliable in measuring thoracolumbar curvature with an intraclass correlation coefficient of more than .90. The mean thoracic kyphosis (-46.95°±11.41°) in the older adults was significantly larger than that in the younger adults (-38.82°±9.86°) (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences in lumbar lordosis and lateral curvatures between the 2 subject groups. Conclusions: The present study provided evidence of an increase in thoracic kyphosis in older adults. The method of measurement presented in this study was found to provide reliable biplanar data that will be useful in a clinical setting.

KW - Aging

KW - Rehabilitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73049117365&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73049117365&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2009.08.145

DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2009.08.145

M3 - Article

C2 - 20103408

AN - SCOPUS:73049117365

VL - 91

SP - 137

EP - 142

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

IS - 1

ER -