Biorefinery approach towards greener succinic acid production from oil palm frond bagasse

Abdullah Amru Indera Luthfi, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Shuhaida Harun, Jian Ping Tan, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil palm frond (OPF) bagasse, being one of the cheapest biomass ever reported ($19.4/t), was hydrolyzed and used as a raw material for fermentative production of succinic acid for the first time. Results indicated that glucose and xylose were released as the main carbon source after alkaline pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. The resultant hydrolysate from the pretreated OPF bagasse was used directly as the carbon source in the fermentation without any purification. The pretreatment using alkaline followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the OPF bagasse had revealed a total sugar yield of 50.3 g out of 100 g raw biomass. After 60 h of anaerobic batch fermentation using OPF bagasse hydrolysate, 86% of total sugar was consumed by Actinobacillus succinogenes 130Z which led to a succinic acid yield of 0.71 g/g of sugar. This indicates that the largest residue from palm oil industry, OPF bagasse, can be used effectively as a carbon source for succinic acid production. A total of 36.6 g/L of succinic acid was produced with an exogenous supply of formate at 25 mM, indicating that the re-utilization of formate in the waste stream could enhance succinic acid production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1537
Number of pages11
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Bagasse
Palm oil
Succinic Acid
formic acid
Oils
Acids
Sugars
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Carbon
Biomass
Fermentation
Hydrolysis
Actinobacillus
Xylose
Purification
Industry
Raw materials
Glucose
bagasse

Keywords

  • Actinobacillus succinogenes
  • Biorefinery
  • Enzymatic hydrolysis
  • OPF hydrolysate
  • Succinic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Biorefinery approach towards greener succinic acid production from oil palm frond bagasse. / Indera Luthfi, Abdullah Amru; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Harun, Shuhaida; Tan, Jian Ping; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab.

In: Process Biochemistry, Vol. 51, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 1527-1537.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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