Biolubricants: Raw materials, chemical modifications and environmental benefits

Jumat Salimon, Nadia Salih, Emad Yousif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The depletion of the world's crude oil reserve, increasing crude oil prices, and issues related to conservation have brought about renewed interest in the use of bio-based materials. Emphasis on the development of renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly industrial fluids, such as lubricants, has resulted in the widespread use of natural oils and fats for non-edible purposes. In this study, we have reviewed the available literature and recently published data related to bio-based raw materials and the chemical modifications of raw materials. Additionally, we have analyzed the impacts and benefits of the use of bio-based raw materials as functional fluids or biolubricants. The term biolubricants applies to all lubricants, which are both rapidly biodegradable and non-toxic to humans and other living organisms, especially in aquatic environments. Biodegradability provides an indication of the persistence of the substance in the environment and is the yardstick for assessing the ecofriendliness of substances. Scientists are discovering economical and safe ways to improve the properties of biolubricants, such as increasing their poor oxidative stability and decreasing high pour points. "Green" biolubricants must be used for all applications where there is an environmental risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-530
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

biolubricants
Lubricants
Petroleum
Chemical modification
ecosystem services
biodegradability
raw materials
Raw materials
lubricants
Crude oil
oils
Oils
Fluids
Biodegradability
Fats
pour point
Oils and fats
biobased products
Conservation
oxidative stability

Keywords

  • Biolubricants
  • Eco friendly
  • Environmentally acceptable lubricants
  • Plant oil
  • Renewable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biotechnology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Biolubricants : Raw materials, chemical modifications and environmental benefits. / Salimon, Jumat; Salih, Nadia; Yousif, Emad.

In: European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, Vol. 112, No. 5, 05.2010, p. 519-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salimon, Jumat ; Salih, Nadia ; Yousif, Emad. / Biolubricants : Raw materials, chemical modifications and environmental benefits. In: European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. 2010 ; Vol. 112, No. 5. pp. 519-530.
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