Biohydrogen production from agroindustrial wastes via Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 (ATCC 13564)

Najeeb Kaid Nasser Al-Shorgani, El Mubarak Tibin, Ehsan Ali, Aidil Abdul Hamid, Wan Mohtar Wan Yusoff, Mohd. Sahaid Kalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The anaerobic production of biohydrogen from different pretreated agroindustrial wastes, including rice bran (RB), de-oiled RB (DRB), sago starch (SS) and palm oil mill effluent (POME) via Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 was investigated in a batch culture system at 30 °C and a pH of 6.2. A yield of 7627, 6995, and 6,363 mL H2/L was obtained from H2SO4 (1 %)-treated DRB (10 %), enzymatically hydrolyzed DRB (10 %) and HCl (1 %)-treated DRB (10 %), respectively; however, untreated DRB (10 %) was able to produce only 3,286 mL H2/L. A strategic treatment of RB (10 %) with HCl (1 %) followed by enzymatic hydrolysis could produce 3,172 mL H2/L. An enzymatically hydrolyzed mixture of each POME and SS (5 %) produced 3,474 mL H2/L, and a remarkable enhancement of H2 production (7,020 mL H 2/L) was achieved when the same mixture was subjected to XAD-4 resin treatment. In contrast, the enzymatically hydrolyzed SS (5 %) could produce only 4,628 mL H2/L. Conclusively, it can be stated that agricultural wastes have a potential as substrates for biohydrogen production and that pretreatment with C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 can contribute positively to enhancing the production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Clostridium
starch
rice
Starch
Palm oil
mill
effluent
Effluents
oil
Agricultural wastes
Enzymatic hydrolysis
hydrolysis
resin
substrate
Resins
Substrates
palm oil

Keywords

  • Agroindustrial wastes
  • Anaerobic fermentation
  • Biohydrogen
  • Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Biohydrogen production from agroindustrial wastes via Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 (ATCC 13564). / Al-Shorgani, Najeeb Kaid Nasser; Tibin, El Mubarak; Ali, Ehsan; Abdul Hamid, Aidil; Wan Yusoff, Wan Mohtar; Kalil, Mohd. Sahaid.

In: Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2014, p. 11-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Shorgani, Najeeb Kaid Nasser ; Tibin, El Mubarak ; Ali, Ehsan ; Abdul Hamid, Aidil ; Wan Yusoff, Wan Mohtar ; Kalil, Mohd. Sahaid. / Biohydrogen production from agroindustrial wastes via Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 (ATCC 13564). In: Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 11-21.
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AB - The anaerobic production of biohydrogen from different pretreated agroindustrial wastes, including rice bran (RB), de-oiled RB (DRB), sago starch (SS) and palm oil mill effluent (POME) via Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 was investigated in a batch culture system at 30 °C and a pH of 6.2. A yield of 7627, 6995, and 6,363 mL H2/L was obtained from H2SO4 (1 %)-treated DRB (10 %), enzymatically hydrolyzed DRB (10 %) and HCl (1 %)-treated DRB (10 %), respectively; however, untreated DRB (10 %) was able to produce only 3,286 mL H2/L. A strategic treatment of RB (10 %) with HCl (1 %) followed by enzymatic hydrolysis could produce 3,172 mL H2/L. An enzymatically hydrolyzed mixture of each POME and SS (5 %) produced 3,474 mL H2/L, and a remarkable enhancement of H2 production (7,020 mL H 2/L) was achieved when the same mixture was subjected to XAD-4 resin treatment. In contrast, the enzymatically hydrolyzed SS (5 %) could produce only 4,628 mL H2/L. Conclusively, it can be stated that agricultural wastes have a potential as substrates for biohydrogen production and that pretreatment with C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 can contribute positively to enhancing the production.

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