Biofuel from biomass via photo-electrochemical reactions

An overview

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass is attracting a great deal of attention as a renewable energy resource to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Converting biomass from municipal, agricultural and livestock into biofuel and electrical power has significant environmental and economic advantages. The conversion of biomass into practical energy requires elegant designs and further investigation. Thus, biomass is a promising renewable energy source due to its low production cost and simple manufacturing processes. Biofuel (hydrogen and methanol) from biomass will be possible to be used for transportation with near-zero air pollution, involves efficient uses of land and major contribution to reduce dependence on insecure source of petroleum. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) reactions study has potential pathway for producing fuel from biomass and bio-related compound in the near future. This review highlights recent work related to the PEC conversion of biomass and bio-related compounds into useful biofuels and electricity. This review covers different types of photochemical reaction cells utilizing various types of organic and inorganic waste. It also presents recent developments in photoelectrodes, photocatalysts and electrolytes as well as the production of different types of fuel from PEC cells and highlights current developments and problems in PEC reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014

Fingerprint

Biofuels
biomass
Biomass
renewable energy
livestock
Photoelectrochemical cells
Renewable energy resources
air pollution
production costs
Photochemical reactions
Petroleum
energy sources
Photocatalysts
electricity
cells
Air pollution
crude oil
Carbon Dioxide
photochemical reactions
Agriculture

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • Biomass
  • Electricity
  • Photoelectrochemical reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Biofuel from biomass via photo-electrochemical reactions : An overview. / Ibrahim, N.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Effery Minggu, Lorna.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 259, 01.08.2014, p. 33-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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