Biobutanol production from palm kernel cake (PKC) using Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 in batch culture fermentation

Hafiza Shukor, Najeeb Kaid Nasser Al-Shorgani, Peyman Abdeshahian, Aidil Abdul Hamid, Nurina Anuar, Norliza Abd Rahman, Mohd H M Isa, Mohd. Sahaid Kalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm kernel cake (PKC), a by-product of palm oil industry, contains glucose and mannose as hexose sugars. This study was performed to determine the feasibility of using PKC as a lignocellulosic substrate for biobutanol production by Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 in an acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation process. Moreover, the effect of tryptone-yeast extract-acetate (TYA) medium and P2 medium on biobutanol production was evaluated. Experimental results showed that butanol production of 3.05 g/L was obtained using mannose sugar, which was comparable to 3.61 g/L butanol production measured using glucose. Moreover, the maximum production of biobutanol (0.38 g/L) was obtained at a PKC concentration of 30%, indicating the possibility of PKC utilization in butanol production. ABE fermentation of PKC using distilled water, TYA medium, and P2 medium showed that the highest butanol production (0.26 g/L) with ABE production of 0.38 g/L was obtained when ABE fermentation was conducted in P2 medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5325-5338
Number of pages14
JournalBioResources
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Clostridium
Butanols
acetone
Butenes
Fermentation
fermentation
ethanol
Acetone
yeast
sugar
acetate
glucose
Ethanol
Mannose
oil industry
Sugars
Yeast
Glucose
Acetates
substrate

Keywords

  • Biobutanol production
  • Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4
  • Mannan
  • Mannose
  • Palm kernel cake (PKC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Biobutanol production from palm kernel cake (PKC) using Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 in batch culture fermentation. / Shukor, Hafiza; Al-Shorgani, Najeeb Kaid Nasser; Abdeshahian, Peyman; Abdul Hamid, Aidil; Anuar, Nurina; Abd Rahman, Norliza; Isa, Mohd H M; Kalil, Mohd. Sahaid.

In: BioResources, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2014, p. 5325-5338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Abdeshahian, Peyman

AU - Abdul Hamid, Aidil

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AU - Abd Rahman, Norliza

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