Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches

Zuhaili Zakaria, Sarani Zakaria, Rasidi Roslan, Chin Hua Chia, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar, Umar Adli Amran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Utilization of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) in the production of bio-phenolic resin is an alternative way to reduce the dependency of petroleum-based phenol. In this study, resol type bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesized from EFB fibers using sulfuric acid as the catalyst to produce liquefied empty fruit bunches (LEFB) followed by resinification reaction with formaldehyde in alkaline condition. The SEM image of LEFB residue showed separation of fiber bundles into individual fibers. This indicate that lignin was destroyed during the liquefaction process. The increased of formaldehyde/LEFB molar ratio has resulted an increase of viscosity, solid content and pH of the resin. The obtained FTIR spectra confirmed that functional groups of BPR resins was almost similar with commercial resin.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

phenolic resins
fruits
oils
resins
formaldehyde
fibers
liquefaction
lignin
sulfuric acid
crude oil
phenols
bundles
viscosity
catalysts
scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Zakaria, Z., Zakaria, S., Roslan, R., Chia, C. H., Syed Jaafar, S. N., & Amran, U. A. (2018). Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020011] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027933

Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. / Zakaria, Zuhaili; Zakaria, Sarani; Roslan, Rasidi; Chia, Chin Hua; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah; Amran, Umar Adli.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zakaria, Z, Zakaria, S, Roslan, R, Chia, CH, Syed Jaafar, SN & Amran, UA 2018, Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020011, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027933
Zakaria Z, Zakaria S, Roslan R, Chia CH, Syed Jaafar SN, Amran UA. Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020011 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027933
Zakaria, Zuhaili ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Roslan, Rasidi ; Chia, Chin Hua ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah ; Amran, Umar Adli. / Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
@inproceedings{b4f1734565f7420f9fd710db2b5950af,
title = "Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches",
abstract = "Utilization of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) in the production of bio-phenolic resin is an alternative way to reduce the dependency of petroleum-based phenol. In this study, resol type bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesized from EFB fibers using sulfuric acid as the catalyst to produce liquefied empty fruit bunches (LEFB) followed by resinification reaction with formaldehyde in alkaline condition. The SEM image of LEFB residue showed separation of fiber bundles into individual fibers. This indicate that lignin was destroyed during the liquefaction process. The increased of formaldehyde/LEFB molar ratio has resulted an increase of viscosity, solid content and pH of the resin. The obtained FTIR spectra confirmed that functional groups of BPR resins was almost similar with commercial resin.",
author = "Zuhaili Zakaria and Sarani Zakaria and Rasidi Roslan and Chia, {Chin Hua} and {Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Nabihah} and Amran, {Umar Adli}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1063/1.5027933",
language = "English",
volume = "1940",
booktitle = "2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches

AU - Zakaria, Zuhaili

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Roslan, Rasidi

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

AU - Amran, Umar Adli

PY - 2018/4/4

Y1 - 2018/4/4

N2 - Utilization of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) in the production of bio-phenolic resin is an alternative way to reduce the dependency of petroleum-based phenol. In this study, resol type bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesized from EFB fibers using sulfuric acid as the catalyst to produce liquefied empty fruit bunches (LEFB) followed by resinification reaction with formaldehyde in alkaline condition. The SEM image of LEFB residue showed separation of fiber bundles into individual fibers. This indicate that lignin was destroyed during the liquefaction process. The increased of formaldehyde/LEFB molar ratio has resulted an increase of viscosity, solid content and pH of the resin. The obtained FTIR spectra confirmed that functional groups of BPR resins was almost similar with commercial resin.

AB - Utilization of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) in the production of bio-phenolic resin is an alternative way to reduce the dependency of petroleum-based phenol. In this study, resol type bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesized from EFB fibers using sulfuric acid as the catalyst to produce liquefied empty fruit bunches (LEFB) followed by resinification reaction with formaldehyde in alkaline condition. The SEM image of LEFB residue showed separation of fiber bundles into individual fibers. This indicate that lignin was destroyed during the liquefaction process. The increased of formaldehyde/LEFB molar ratio has resulted an increase of viscosity, solid content and pH of the resin. The obtained FTIR spectra confirmed that functional groups of BPR resins was almost similar with commercial resin.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045660512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045660512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5027933

DO - 10.1063/1.5027933

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85045660512

VL - 1940

BT - 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -